Recent changes to this wiki:

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index 292a68f..95d320e 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -32,6 +32,8 @@ labile
 
 Ortho surgeon who did my fusion: **Lucas**
 
+Alvin Francis Poussaint, M. D.
+
 
 
  

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index 8120340..292a68f 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -27,8 +27,12 @@ Also: most important date in the history of modern Western civilization: 1687. F
 
 New favorite conductor: Paavo Järvi
 
+Elusive **mental status exam** term:
 labile
 
+Ortho surgeon who did my fusion: **Lucas**
+
+
 
  
 

diff --git a/posts/Waking_With_A_Thought.mdwn b/posts/Waking_With_A_Thought.mdwn
index 2a22f6e..027b8fc 100644
--- a/posts/Waking_With_A_Thought.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Waking_With_A_Thought.mdwn
@@ -13,6 +13,6 @@ gives us slobs the job of being the Children of Light.
 home. Protesting truckers in Ottawa having donated fuel and food 
 confiscated by the city police. Aldous Huxley and George Orwell 
 would have instantly recognized it, but we're not that 
-*sharp*".
+*sharp*."
 
 --end--

diff --git a/posts/Waking_With_A_Thought.mdwn b/posts/Waking_With_A_Thought.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2a22f6e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Waking_With_A_Thought.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+Yesterday -- Tuesday, 2/8/2022 -- I awoke with a brain already in gear composing an email to a friend who had the day before described his mood to me. Here is that email, and I'll reproduce here only the body of the message:
+
+----
+
+"I've identified the vague elusive atmosphere of drifting and 
+malaise you've been describing to me: we are in Hell on Earth. 
+This is it. This is the real thing, here and now. And if this is 
+Hell, then our leaders, who are running things, must then by 
+implication be identified as the Children Of Darkness. Which 
+gives us slobs the job of being the Children of Light.
+
+"Small children in surgical masks for most of their day away from 
+home. Protesting truckers in Ottawa having donated fuel and food 
+confiscated by the city police. Aldous Huxley and George Orwell 
+would have instantly recognized it, but we're not that 
+*sharp*".
+
+--end--

diff --git a/poobah.mdwn b/poobah.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..809d80e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/poobah.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+I don't know what this is, but IkiWiki seems to think I should have one, so here I am.

diff --git a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
index cfea675..7a4642f 100644
--- a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
 Percy Bridgman, An Appreciation
 
-So Prof. Bridgman (Dept of Physics, Harvard U.) 
+So Prof. Bridgman (Dept of Physics, Harvard) 
 seemed to be saying:
 
 "Look, the results we're getting from all our 

diff --git a/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
index 20b367d..dcd2f71 100644
--- a/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
@@ -1,4 +1,2 @@
 And he's [not shy about it either.](https://tinyurl.com/2ynnw8uj)
 
-(This post first appeared on 1/15/2022.)
-

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index 09c6e29..8120340 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -27,6 +27,8 @@ Also: most important date in the history of modern Western civilization: 1687. F
 
 New favorite conductor: Paavo Järvi
 
+labile
+
 
  
 

diff --git a/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
index dcd2f71..20b367d 100644
--- a/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
@@ -1,2 +1,4 @@
 And he's [not shy about it either.](https://tinyurl.com/2ynnw8uj)
 
+(This post first appeared on 1/15/2022.)
+

diff --git a/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
index 018014d..dcd2f71 100644
--- a/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
@@ -1 +1,2 @@
 And he's [not shy about it either.](https://tinyurl.com/2ynnw8uj)
+

diff --git a/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
index 29d9519..018014d 100644
--- a/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
@@ -1 +1 @@
-And he's [not shy about it either.](hyyps://tinyurl.com/2ynnw8uj)
+And he's [not shy about it either.](https://tinyurl.com/2ynnw8uj)

diff --git a/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..29d9519
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Marc_Elias_Loves_The_14th_Amendment.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+And he's [not shy about it either.](hyyps://tinyurl.com/2ynnw8uj)

diff --git a/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn b/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
index 3b067e2..2f765ec 100644
--- a/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ ascription, say, of a concept or an operation,
 really were.  I understand his frustration 
 (exasperation!) when he wrote that it -- this 
 elusive ascription of physical reality -- was 
-mostly, for the physicist, a matter "convention 
+mostly, for the physicist, a matter of "convention 
 and convenience."
 
 But Saturday morning that "problem" seemed irrelevant. If 

diff --git a/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn b/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
index 63555c2..3b067e2 100644
--- a/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-    From: Bob Bernstein <bob@fanatick.org>
+    From: Bob Bernstein  <elided>
     To: "Holton, Gerald" <elided>
     Subject: Go Webb         
     Date: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 02:12:06

diff --git a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
index 95ec67d..cfea675 100644
--- a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ like to deny but which, at least according to
 the limited proportion of his writings that I 
 have seen, he never quite defeats.
 
-[[!more linktext="click for more"]]
+[[!more text="""
 
 As if to magnify the sharpness of his 
 individualism, Bridgman also puts tremendous 
@@ -119,5 +119,6 @@ known then that that was the case. Not much got
 by this man, ever, is my guess.
 
 End.
+"""]]
 
 

diff --git a/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn b/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
index 02cf21a..63555c2 100644
--- a/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
@@ -15,6 +15,9 @@ standing in that remote country watching the launch in person,
 and have next to me, as a companion, Percy Bridgman. I want to 
 say him, "THERE'S your "ascription of physical reality!"
 
+[[!more  linktext="more" text="""
+
+
 No one, I believe, but for Bridgman, knew how 
 flimsy most of our intellectual efforts to make that 
 ascription, say, of a concept or an operation, 
@@ -38,3 +41,5 @@ Very best regards,
 
     -- 
     Bob Bernstein
+"""]]
+

diff --git a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
index 3261601..95ec67d 100644
--- a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ like to deny but which, at least according to
 the limited proportion of his writings that I 
 have seen, he never quite defeats.
 
-[[!more]]
+[[!more linktext="click for more"]]
 
 As if to magnify the sharpness of his 
 individualism, Bridgman also puts tremendous 

diff --git a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
index 2ae324e..3261601 100644
--- a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
@@ -30,11 +30,7 @@ like to deny but which, at least according to
 the limited proportion of his writings that I 
 have seen, he never quite defeats.
 
-[[!more  linktext="click for more" text="""
-This is the rest of my post. Not intended for people catching up on
-their blogs at 30,000 feet. Because I like to make things
-difficult.
-"""]]
+[[!more]]
 
 As if to magnify the sharpness of his 
 individualism, Bridgman also puts tremendous 

diff --git a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
index e302b6d..2ae324e 100644
--- a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
@@ -31,7 +31,9 @@ the limited proportion of his writings that I
 have seen, he never quite defeats.
 
 [[!more  linktext="click for more" text="""
-This is the rest of my post. 
+This is the rest of my post. Not intended for people catching up on
+their blogs at 30,000 feet. Because I like to make things
+difficult.
 """]]
 
 As if to magnify the sharpness of his 

diff --git a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
index 128a928..e302b6d 100644
--- a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
@@ -30,6 +30,10 @@ like to deny but which, at least according to
 the limited proportion of his writings that I 
 have seen, he never quite defeats.
 
+[[!more  linktext="click for more" text="""
+This is the rest of my post. 
+"""]]
+
 As if to magnify the sharpness of his 
 individualism, Bridgman also puts tremendous 
 emphasis on that aspect of being human summed 

rename posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2022.mdwn to posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
diff --git a/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2022.mdwn b/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn
similarity index 100%
rename from posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2022.mdwn
rename to posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2021.mdwn

diff --git a/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2022.mdwn b/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2022.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..02cf21a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/An_Email_To_Gerald_Holton_12-27-2022.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+    From: Bob Bernstein <bob@fanatick.org>
+    To: "Holton, Gerald" <elided>
+    Subject: Go Webb         
+    Date: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 02:12:06
+    User-Agent: Alpine 2.23.2 (DEB 509 2020-10-04)
+
+Early Christmas Day I watched the picture-perfect launch of the 
+James Webb Telescope from French Guiana. When I motioned to my 
+wife to come in and look at my computer screen, I was so on the 
+brink of tears that I could only motion to her to look at NASA's 
+stream of images.
+
+NoW it's early Monday morning and I am daydreaming that I am 
+standing in that remote country watching the launch in person, 
+and have next to me, as a companion, Percy Bridgman. I want to 
+say him, "THERE'S your "ascription of physical reality!"
+
+No one, I believe, but for Bridgman, knew how 
+flimsy most of our intellectual efforts to make that 
+ascription, say, of a concept or an operation, 
+really were.  I understand his frustration 
+(exasperation!) when he wrote that it -- this 
+elusive ascription of physical reality -- was 
+mostly, for the physicist, a matter "convention 
+and convenience."
+
+But Saturday morning that "problem" seemed irrelevant. If 
+approached with respect and a profoundly careful depth of 
+perception, she will eventually vouchsafe us another tiny peek 
+behind the curtain. So the French team, exultant at their 
+STUNNING success, could only shout "Go Webb!"
+
+My hopes and prayers are that this note finds you and yours 
+doing okay.
+
+
+Very best regards,
+
+    -- 
+    Bob Bernstein

diff --git a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
index c3d9140..f60eed0 100644
--- a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-Russell merits a great deal of attention. Consider the first chapter of his [Skeptical Essays](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Russell-Skeptical-1.pdf).
+Russell merits a great deal of attention. Consider the first chapter of his [Skeptical Essays](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Russell-Skeptical-1.pdf) (1928), *"On the Value of Scepticism."*
 
 His basic rule, the starting point which lays the foundation for all of these reflections:
 

diff --git a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
index a91f94d..c3d9140 100644
--- a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@ Russell expands this into three maxims:
 
 (3) **that when they all hold that no sufficient grounds for a positive opinion exist, the ordinary man would do well to suspend his judgment.**
 
-With is characteristic yet inimitable droll understatement, he adds, 
+With his characteristic yet inimitable droll understatement, he adds, 
 
 **These propositions may seem mild, yet, if 
 accepted, they would absolutely revolutionize human life.**

diff --git a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
index 572ab6e..a91f94d 100644
--- a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
@@ -15,6 +15,11 @@ Russell expands this into three maxims:
 
 (3) **that when they all hold that no sufficient grounds for a positive opinion exist, the ordinary man would do well to suspend his judgment.**
 
+With is characteristic yet inimitable droll understatement, he adds, 
+
+**These propositions may seem mild, yet, if 
+accepted, they would absolutely revolutionize human life.**
+
 
  
 

diff --git a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
index ca0e82d..572ab6e 100644
--- a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
@@ -1 +1,21 @@
 Russell merits a great deal of attention. Consider the first chapter of his [Skeptical Essays](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Russell-Skeptical-1.pdf).
+
+His basic rule, the starting point which lays the foundation for all of these reflections:
+
+**...it is undesirable to believe a proposition when there is no ground whatever for supposing it true,**
+
+Russell expands this into three maxims:
+
+
+**The scepticism that I advocate amounts only to this:** 
+
+(I) **that when the experts are agreed, the opposite opinion cannot be held to be certain.**
+
+(2) **that when they are not agreed, no opinion can be regarded as certain by a non-expert.**
+
+(3) **that when they all hold that no sufficient grounds for a positive opinion exist, the ordinary man would do well to suspend his judgment.**
+
+
+ 
+
+

diff --git a/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..128a928
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Percy_Bridgman_An_Appreciation.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,121 @@
+Percy Bridgman, An Appreciation
+
+So Prof. Bridgman (Dept of Physics, Harvard U.) 
+seemed to be saying:
+
+"Look, the results we're getting from all our 
+efforts, and all our accumulated knowledge, 
+don't appear that impressive. They are flawed, 
+especially as they concern our dealings with 
+others of our kind, other human beings. Perhaps 
+we should look at how we employ our minds, 
+hearts and voices to navigate and explore the 
+topography of human life on earth? Who can be 
+convinced at this late date that we have used 
+our tools (mind/heart/voice) to their greatest 
+advantage?"
+
+But as soon as he starts out he is hemmed in by 
+two -- in his view -- unavoidable and 
+ineluctable features of human experience. The 
+first is expressed in an individualism so stark 
+the likes of it probably have never before been 
+made the starting point of a philosophy. He 
+places so much emphasis on the role of the 
+individual that he has been charged with 
+outright solipsism (which is defined by WordNet 
+as "the philosophical theory that the self is 
+all that you know to exist"), a charge he would 
+like to deny but which, at least according to 
+the limited proportion of his writings that I 
+have seen, he never quite defeats.
+
+As if to magnify the sharpness of his 
+individualism, Bridgman also puts tremendous 
+emphasis on that aspect of being human summed 
+up by the expression "We can never get away 
+from ourselves." There is no mythical 
+Archimedean vantage point at which we might 
+take up our observational tasks with, if not 
+necessarily "objectivity," but then with at 
+least a bit of DISTANCE from the object of our 
+study, to wit, the very mind/heart/voice he 
+wishes to examine critically to ferret out what 
+might be the origins of our failure to find 
+success in our search for understanding.
+
+It's a double whammy: it is not only the case 
+that only as individuals can we make any 
+observations of *anything* at all, including 
+our dubious selves, but not even the hope of 
+gaining a different perspective can be held out 
+to the stymied observer as a possible source of 
+hope. He is trapped in the individual who is 
+the only agent he has available to carry out 
+his investigations of that very same 
+individual, to wit: himself. This is headache 
+stuff.
+
+So, when he quips in 1955 (which makes it 
+likely to be found in his _The Way Things 
+Are_):
+
+"What is the significance of the fact that 
+"abstractions" and "generalizations" and the 
+very concepts of "time" and "space" occur only 
+in conjunction with a human nervous system?"
+
+...he is calling attention to this double 
+whammy that confronts not just the scientist, 
+but every observer of the human situation.
+
+* * *
+										   
+A case can be made from some of his writings 
+that Bridgman experienced being human as 
+painful. This may be traceable to his sense of 
+isolation, and of in fact being trapped in that 
+isolation. Here he is in 1936:
+
+"...that there is no getting away from the 
+central position of the individual I believe 
+anyone can see for himself merely by observing 
+that the individual does not regard the 
+following to be a senseless question: "Under 
+what conditions would you draw the conclusion 
+that everyone in the world except yourself had 
+gone crazy?" _The Nature of Physical Theory_ (1936)
+
+One of my theories about Bridgman is that after 
+his Nobel prize award (1946), following on 
+WWII, he adopted a much lower profile as a 
+public figure than he had displayed throughout 
+the Thirties. Yes, in 1955 he was asked by the 
+authors of the historic Einstein-Russell 
+Manifestoto (in opposition to nuclear weapons) 
+to be a signatory to it, but I submit that was 
+the exception that made the rule for his final 
+years. (He expired at age 79 in 1961, alone, by 
+his own hand, due to intractable bone-cancer 
+pain.) Could it not be that he, as things began 
+to settle down into the "postwar" Cold War 
+rhythm, came to be viewed as a bit of an 
+eccentric, perhaps even a crank, not to be 
+trotted out, so to speak, quite so often in the 
+pages of _The Boston Globe_?
+
+Certainly, when the readership of "The Bulletin 
+of Atomic Scientists" read "P. Bridgman 
+Harvard" on the Manifesto *they* might not have 
+seen him in that light -- his stature over the 
+years *in the worlds of physics and philosophy* 
+was nothing short of towering -- but outside 
+that slim cohort, even as early as 1955, it 
+might have seemed to many that "nobody knew who 
+he was anymore." If so, I believe he would have 
+known then that that was the case. Not much got 
+by this man, ever, is my guess.
+
+End.
+
+

calendar update
diff --git a/archives/2022.mdwn b/archives/2022.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e738afc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+[[!calendar type=year year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/01.mdwn b/archives/2022/01.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b3ff765
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/01.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=01 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(01) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/02.mdwn b/archives/2022/02.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9e109ab
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/02.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=02 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(02) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/03.mdwn b/archives/2022/03.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4ff2fa6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/03.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=03 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(03) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/04.mdwn b/archives/2022/04.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..04cada7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/04.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=04 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(04) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/05.mdwn b/archives/2022/05.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7a02820
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/05.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=05 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(05) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/06.mdwn b/archives/2022/06.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0c2ff58
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/06.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=06 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(06) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/07.mdwn b/archives/2022/07.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..098c5b8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/07.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=07 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(07) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/08.mdwn b/archives/2022/08.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2151608
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/08.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=08 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(08) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/09.mdwn b/archives/2022/09.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2f250b3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/09.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=09 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(09) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/10.mdwn b/archives/2022/10.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3584fc0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/10.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=10 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(10) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/11.mdwn b/archives/2022/11.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f883931
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/11.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=11 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(11) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]
diff --git a/archives/2022/12.mdwn b/archives/2022/12.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7d49307
--- /dev/null
+++ b/archives/2022/12.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+[[!sidebar content="""
+[[!calendar type=month month=12 year=2022 pages="page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion"]]
+"""]]
+
+[[!inline pages="creation_month(12) and creation_year(2022) and page(posts/*) and !*/Discussion" show=0 feeds=no reverse=yes]]

removed
diff --git a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell/comment_1_89940bee77dad3a7117be3b91d4e3561._comment b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell/comment_1_89940bee77dad3a7117be3b91d4e3561._comment
deleted file mode 100644
index ecf88f9..0000000
--- a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell/comment_1_89940bee77dad3a7117be3b91d4e3561._comment
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,9 +0,0 @@
-[[!comment format=mdwn
- username="bob@62bd4985e23588dbe194f982ff54f0326f98fd4a"
- nickname="bob"
- avatar="http://cdn.libravatar.org/avatar/b1caeabc4608b4fab2f47295d60127b7"
- subject="Russell"
- date="2021-12-10T06:37:50Z"
- content="""
-Bertrand Russell, that is.
-"""]]

Added a comment: Russell
diff --git a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell/comment_1_89940bee77dad3a7117be3b91d4e3561._comment b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell/comment_1_89940bee77dad3a7117be3b91d4e3561._comment
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ecf88f9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell/comment_1_89940bee77dad3a7117be3b91d4e3561._comment
@@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
+[[!comment format=mdwn
+ username="bob@62bd4985e23588dbe194f982ff54f0326f98fd4a"
+ nickname="bob"
+ avatar="http://cdn.libravatar.org/avatar/b1caeabc4608b4fab2f47295d60127b7"
+ subject="Russell"
+ date="2021-12-10T06:37:50Z"
+ content="""
+Bertrand Russell, that is.
+"""]]

diff --git a/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ca0e82d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Some_more_time_with_Russell.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+Russell merits a great deal of attention. Consider the first chapter of his [Skeptical Essays](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Russell-Skeptical-1.pdf).

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index 25a57aa..95a54e1 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilizatio
 
 [^1]: Alas, the original source for Prof. George's remark is no longer available. Here is verbatim the footnote provided by Wikipedia to the above citation: "George, Robert P. "I have always thought highly of Providence College". Tumblr. Retrieved May 15, 2017."
 
-[^2]: See note 1 mmediately above
+[^2]: See note '1' immediately above.
 
 [^3]: See, for example, [[Orwell on Fact and Reality]], and [[Orwell on Fact, Opinion, and Prison]]
 

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index 40a5c20..25a57aa 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -27,13 +27,15 @@ This is not the voice of a "student." This is the voice of a Fascist-in-the-maki
 
 
 The money quote here is from Robert George: **"...the currency of academic
-discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments..."**
+discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments..."[^2]**
 
-That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations[^2] on Orwell's concern for the future of objective truth are about. Remember, he said he was more afraid of that than of bombs, and he had seen what bombs do.
+That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations[^3] on Orwell's concern for the future of objective truth are about. Remember, he said he was more afraid of that than of bombs, and he had seen what bombs do.
 
 [^1]: Alas, the original source for Prof. George's remark is no longer available. Here is verbatim the footnote provided by Wikipedia to the above citation: "George, Robert P. "I have always thought highly of Providence College". Tumblr. Retrieved May 15, 2017."
 
-[^2]: See, for example, [[Orwell on Fact and Reality]], and [[Orwell on Fact, Opinion, and Prison]]
+[^2]: See note 1 mmediately above
+
+[^3]: See, for example, [[Orwell on Fact and Reality]], and [[Orwell on Fact, Opinion, and Prison]]
 
 
 

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index 925cc37..40a5c20 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ I was a tad irked that this man had been teaching about only fifteen minutes fro
 >...should respond in the currency of academic
 discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments"
 >not by attempting
-to isolate, stigmatize, and marginalize him for stating dissenting opinions.
+to isolate, stigmatize, and marginalize him for stating dissenting opinions.[^1]
 
 How archaic that suggestion sounds to our woke-infested ears! It sounds, so, WHITE, if you'll pardon the expression. The Wikipedia article contains more about this episode at PC. Esolen calls to mind [this](https://quadrant.org.au/magazine/2020/10/george-orwell-a-man-for-our-time/
 ), from George Orwell: “The major problem of our time is the decay of belief in personal immortality.”
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ This is not the voice of a "student." This is the voice of a Fascist-in-the-maki
 
 
 The money quote here is from Robert George: **"...the currency of academic
-discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments...[^1]"**
+discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments..."**
 
 That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations[^2] on Orwell's concern for the future of objective truth are about. Remember, he said he was more afraid of that than of bombs, and he had seen what bombs do.
 

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index 44f2378..925cc37 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -27,11 +27,13 @@ This is not the voice of a "student." This is the voice of a Fascist-in-the-maki
 
 
 The money quote here is from Robert George: **"...the currency of academic
-discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments..."**
+discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments...[^1]"**
 
-That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations[^1] on Orwell's concern for the future of objective truth are about. Remember, he said he was more afraid of that than of bombs, and he had seen what bombs do.
+That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations[^2] on Orwell's concern for the future of objective truth are about. Remember, he said he was more afraid of that than of bombs, and he had seen what bombs do.
 
-[^1]: See, for example, [[Orwell on Fact and Reality]], and [[Orwell on Fact, Opinion, and Prison]]
+[^1]: Alas, the original source for Prof. George's remark is no longer available. Here is verbatim the footnote provided by Wikipedia to the above citation: "George, Robert P. "I have always thought highly of Providence College". Tumblr. Retrieved May 15, 2017."
+
+[^2]: See, for example, [[Orwell on Fact and Reality]], and [[Orwell on Fact, Opinion, and Prison]]
 
 
 

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index 19f22fc..44f2378 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -22,7 +22,9 @@ prison-industrial complex, eroding the rights of marginalized communities, deepe
 
 This is not the voice of a "student." This is the voice of a Fascist-in-the-making. And this is the voice of our best and brightest, presumably. God help us all.
 
-### The Next Day, 10/25/2021: Addendum
+### The Next Day, 10/25/2021: Addendum.
+##### Amended 12/7/2021: Footnote added last paragraph.
+
 
 The money quote here is from Robert George: **"...the currency of academic
 discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments..."**

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index bad5303..19f22fc 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -27,7 +27,11 @@ This is not the voice of a "student." This is the voice of a Fascist-in-the-maki
 The money quote here is from Robert George: **"...the currency of academic
 discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments..."**
 
-That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations on Orwell's concern for the future of objective truth are about. Remember, he said he was more afraid of that than of bombs, and he had seen what bombs do.
+That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations[^1] on Orwell's concern for the future of objective truth are about. Remember, he said he was more afraid of that than of bombs, and he had seen what bombs do.
+
+[^1]: See, for example, [[Orwell on Fact and Reality]], and [[Orwell on Fact, Opinion, and Prison]]
+
+
 
 
 

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index 27c862b..bad5303 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ This is not the voice of a "student." This is the voice of a Fascist-in-the-maki
 The money quote here is from Robert George: **"...the currency of academic
 discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments..."**
 
-That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations about Orwell's concerns for the future of objective truth.
+That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations on Orwell's concern for the future of objective truth are about. Remember, he said he was more afraid of that than of bombs, and he had seen what bombs do.
 
 
 

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index 03382e8..27c862b 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -22,6 +22,15 @@ prison-industrial complex, eroding the rights of marginalized communities, deepe
 
 This is not the voice of a "student." This is the voice of a Fascist-in-the-making. And this is the voice of our best and brightest, presumably. God help us all.
 
+### The Next Day, 10/25/2021: Addendum
+
+The money quote here is from Robert George: **"...the currency of academic
+discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments..."**
+
+That's what this fight is all about. That's what the phrase "Western Civilization" boils down to. That's what all my perseverations about Orwell's concerns for the future of objective truth.
+
+
+
 
 
 

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index cdb0384..03382e8 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@ Tonight I sit with two opposed reports of recent life in these United States. On
 
 I am subscribed via email to the website [The Catholic Thing](https://www.thecatholicthing.org/), which daily publishes relatively short essays on topics that bear on Roman Catholicism in some form or other. The authors can be either clergy or laypersons. The common denominator of all of their submissions is consistently high quality. Yesterday, October 23, 2021, I was very impressed by a piece, ["Our Cultural Confusions about Men and Women"](https://www.thecatholicthing.org/2021/10/23/our-cultural-confusions-about-men-and-women/) by Anthony Esolen, formerly a teacher of English at [Provdince College](https://www.providence.edu/), now on the faculty at [Mary Magdalen College](https://magdalen.edu).
 
-I was a tad irked that this man had been teaching about only fifteen minutes from my house, yet his name was new to me. After reading his "TCT" (The Catholic Thing) essay I went to [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Esolen) for more about him. It appears that he was cancelled a few years ago by Providence College. Obviously, their loss. In the Widipedia article I read, with deep gratitude, the following, from a fellow academic who supported him. That man, Robert P. George, wrote that those at PC, faculty and students alike, who objected to Esolen's views
+I was a tad irked that this man had been teaching about only fifteen minutes from my house, yet his name was new to me. After reading his "TCT" (The Catholic Thing) essay I went to [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Esolen) for more about him. It appears that he was cancelled a few years ago by Providence College. Obviously, their loss. In the Wikipedia article I read, with deep gratitude, the following, from a fellow academic who supported him. That man, Robert P. George, wrote that those at PC, faculty and students alike, who objected to Esolen's views
 
 >...should respond in the currency of academic
 discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments"

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index c0408c2..cdb0384 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ How archaic that suggestion sounds to our woke-infested ears! It sounds, so, WHI
 As for the "opposed" idea or report we have only to look to Yale Law School last week. The always useful [Washington Free Beacon](https://freebeacon.com) ran [an article](https://freebeacon.com/campus/convulsions-at-yale-law-school-administrators-do-damage-control-as-faculty-members-slam-schools-dishonesty/
   ) describing an [uproar at the Law School](https://tinyurl.com/vy6e4mu) produced by a second-year student's email. I am rather frightened by almost all I read about this, for lack of a better term, "happening." See what you think and [please let me know](mailto:bob@fanatick.org). Perhaps I'm just getting old.
 
-On the other hand, who can read this and simply shrug? From the Asian-American student group at the Law School: **"Conservative pundits," the group said, "have invented a crisis of free speech in higher education as a way to distract from the substance of what they are doing in the world—accelerating the climate crisis, propping up the
+On the other hand, who can read this and simply shrug? From the Asian-American student group at the Law School: **"Conservative pundits,"** the group said, **"have invented a crisis of free speech in higher education as a way to distract from the substance of what they are doing in the world—accelerating the climate crisis, propping up the
 prison-industrial complex, eroding the rights of marginalized communities, deepening economic inequality, and waging perpetual war around the world."**
 
 This is not the voice of a "student." This is the voice of a Fascist-in-the-making. And this is the voice of our best and brightest, presumably. God help us all.

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index 54ef62e..c0408c2 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -11,6 +11,17 @@ discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments"
 >not by attempting
 to isolate, stigmatize, and marginalize him for stating dissenting opinions.
 
-How archaic that suggestion sounds to our woke-infested ears! It sounds, so, WHITE, if you'll pardon the expression. (The Wikipedia article contains more about this episode at PC.)
+How archaic that suggestion sounds to our woke-infested ears! It sounds, so, WHITE, if you'll pardon the expression. The Wikipedia article contains more about this episode at PC. Esolen calls to mind [this](https://quadrant.org.au/magazine/2020/10/george-orwell-a-man-for-our-time/
+), from George Orwell: “The major problem of our time is the decay of belief in personal immortality.”
+
+As for the "opposed" idea or report we have only to look to Yale Law School last week. The always useful [Washington Free Beacon](https://freebeacon.com) ran [an article](https://freebeacon.com/campus/convulsions-at-yale-law-school-administrators-do-damage-control-as-faculty-members-slam-schools-dishonesty/
+  ) describing an [uproar at the Law School](https://tinyurl.com/vy6e4mu) produced by a second-year student's email. I am rather frightened by almost all I read about this, for lack of a better term, "happening." See what you think and [please let me know](mailto:bob@fanatick.org). Perhaps I'm just getting old.
+
+On the other hand, who can read this and simply shrug? From the Asian-American student group at the Law School: **"Conservative pundits," the group said, "have invented a crisis of free speech in higher education as a way to distract from the substance of what they are doing in the world—accelerating the climate crisis, propping up the
+prison-industrial complex, eroding the rights of marginalized communities, deepening economic inequality, and waging perpetual war around the world."**
+
+This is not the voice of a "student." This is the voice of a Fascist-in-the-making. And this is the voice of our best and brightest, presumably. God help us all.
+
+
 
 

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index 8842d05..54ef62e 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@ Tonight I sit with two opposed reports of recent life in these United States. On
 
 I am subscribed via email to the website [The Catholic Thing](https://www.thecatholicthing.org/), which daily publishes relatively short essays on topics that bear on Roman Catholicism in some form or other. The authors can be either clergy or laypersons. The common denominator of all of their submissions is consistently high quality. Yesterday, October 23, 2021, I was very impressed by a piece, ["Our Cultural Confusions about Men and Women"](https://www.thecatholicthing.org/2021/10/23/our-cultural-confusions-about-men-and-women/) by Anthony Esolen, formerly a teacher of English at [Provdince College](https://www.providence.edu/), now on the faculty at [Mary Magdalen College](https://magdalen.edu).
 
-I was a tad irked that this man had been teaching about only fifteen minutes from my house, yet his name was new to me. After reading his "TCT" (The Catholic Thing) essay I went to [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Esolen) for more about him. It appears that he was cancelled a few years ago by Providence College. Obviously, their loss. I followed a link in the Widipedia article and read with deep gratitude the following, from a fellow academic who supported him. That man, Robert P. George, wrote that those at PC objected to Esolen's views
+I was a tad irked that this man had been teaching about only fifteen minutes from my house, yet his name was new to me. After reading his "TCT" (The Catholic Thing) essay I went to [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Esolen) for more about him. It appears that he was cancelled a few years ago by Providence College. Obviously, their loss. In the Widipedia article I read, with deep gratitude, the following, from a fellow academic who supported him. That man, Robert P. George, wrote that those at PC, faculty and students alike, who objected to Esolen's views
 
 >...should respond in the currency of academic
 discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments"

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
index c2f9648..8842d05 100644
--- a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -1,3 +1,16 @@
 I think it was Carl Jung who said we must (paraphrasing from shaky memory) be able to hold two opposed ideas in our mind at the same time.
 
-Tonight I sit with two opposed reports of recent life in these United States. One describes recent events at Yale Law School, and the other, events from several  years ago at Providence College.
+Tonight I sit with two opposed reports of recent life in these United States. One describes events of the week just past at Yale Law School, and the other, events from several years ago at Providence College. Let's begin with the latter, since it bears more obviously on the topic named in the title of this post.
+
+I am subscribed via email to the website [The Catholic Thing](https://www.thecatholicthing.org/), which daily publishes relatively short essays on topics that bear on Roman Catholicism in some form or other. The authors can be either clergy or laypersons. The common denominator of all of their submissions is consistently high quality. Yesterday, October 23, 2021, I was very impressed by a piece, ["Our Cultural Confusions about Men and Women"](https://www.thecatholicthing.org/2021/10/23/our-cultural-confusions-about-men-and-women/) by Anthony Esolen, formerly a teacher of English at [Provdince College](https://www.providence.edu/), now on the faculty at [Mary Magdalen College](https://magdalen.edu).
+
+I was a tad irked that this man had been teaching about only fifteen minutes from my house, yet his name was new to me. After reading his "TCT" (The Catholic Thing) essay I went to [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Esolen) for more about him. It appears that he was cancelled a few years ago by Providence College. Obviously, their loss. I followed a link in the Widipedia article and read with deep gratitude the following, from a fellow academic who supported him. That man, Robert P. George, wrote that those at PC objected to Esolen's views
+
+>...should respond in the currency of academic
+discourse "reasons, evidence, arguments"
+>not by attempting
+to isolate, stigmatize, and marginalize him for stating dissenting opinions.
+
+How archaic that suggestion sounds to our woke-infested ears! It sounds, so, WHITE, if you'll pardon the expression. (The Wikipedia article contains more about this episode at PC.)
+
+

diff --git a/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c2f9648
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/What_I_Like_About_Catholicism.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+I think it was Carl Jung who said we must (paraphrasing from shaky memory) be able to hold two opposed ideas in our mind at the same time.
+
+Tonight I sit with two opposed reports of recent life in these United States. One describes recent events at Yale Law School, and the other, events from several  years ago at Providence College.

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index b1a5eec..09c6e29 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -24,5 +24,9 @@ Also: Marcia Sankowsky (Do I have that right? Is this Marcia Germaine Hutchinson
 Also: most important date in the history of modern Western civilization: 1687. First publication of Newton's Principia.
 
 **AND THE TERM I CAN NEVER RECALL: CONTINGENT (OPPOSITE TO NECESSARY).**
+
+New favorite conductor: Paavo Järvi
+
+
  
 

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index 89a8231..b1a5eec 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -22,5 +22,7 @@ Holton "On-The-Integrity-Of-Science-The-Issues-Since-Bronowski" (date?)
 Also: Marcia Sankowsky (Do I have that right? Is this Marcia Germaine Hutchinson?)
 
 Also: most important date in the history of modern Western civilization: 1687. First publication of Newton's Principia.
+
+**AND THE TERM I CAN NEVER RECALL: CONTINGENT (OPPOSITE TO NECESSARY).**
  
 

diff --git a/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn b/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
index 433117d..935d2c3 100644
--- a/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
@@ -1,8 +1,8 @@
 ## But the General does not possess a first class mind.
 
-The principal question, of course, is as to whether our leaders, civil or military, require the services of a first class mind in order to render the service that the nation needs, and deserves, from them. 
+The principal question, of course, is whether our leaders, civil or military, need the benefit of a first class mind in order to render the service that the nation needs, and deserves, from them. 
 
-As I use the term, the hallmark of a first class mind is that it is able to see over the walls that locally surround it, at least as dictated by the nominal roles that are assigned to it. In the case of a military man, then, a first class mind would empower him to view situations according to those characteristics usually thought of as "civilian" matters. Thus where Milley falls off his horse, in my view, are situations that test the range of his understanding of civil affairs. Obviously he has a first class military mind, but indications are that he rapidly gets into waters quite over his head when required to view, say, current *political* goings-on.
+As I use the term, a first class mind is able to see over the walls that locally surround it, at least as dictated by the nominal roles that are assigned to it. In the case of a military man, then, a first class mind would empower him to view accurately situations usually thought of as "civilian" matters. Thus, where Milley falls off his horse, in my view, are situations that test the range of his understanding of civil affairs. Obviously he has a first class military mind, but indications are that he rapidly gets into waters quite over his head when required to view, say, current *political* goings-on.
 
 He's had a lot to say this long Labor Day weekend, in [remarks given this weekend to Fox news](https://www.breitbart.com/clips/2021/09/04/milley-what-you-saw-unfold-with-afghanistan-evacuation-was-one-of-the-plans-there-was-an-extensive-amount-of-planning-in-this/), and also [at the military base at Ramstein, Germany](https://nypost.com/2021/09/05/gen-milley-says-terror-group-resurgence-possible-in-afghanistan/).
 

diff --git a/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn b/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
index 17a3f76..433117d 100644
--- a/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@ The principal question, of course, is as to whether our leaders, civil or milita
 
 As I use the term, the hallmark of a first class mind is that it is able to see over the walls that locally surround it, at least as dictated by the nominal roles that are assigned to it. In the case of a military man, then, a first class mind would empower him to view situations according to those characteristics usually thought of as "civilian" matters. Thus where Milley falls off his horse, in my view, are situations that test the range of his understanding of civil affairs. Obviously he has a first class military mind, but indications are that he rapidly gets into waters quite over his head when required to view, say, current *political* goings-on.
 
-He's had a lot to say this long Labor Day weekend, in [remarks given this weekend to Fox news](https://www.breitbart.com/clips/2021/09/04/milley-what-you-saw-unfold-with-afghanistan-evacuation-was-one-of-the-plans-there-was-an-extensive-amount-of-planning-in-this/), and also [at the military base at Ramstein, Bermany](https://nypost.com/2021/09/05/gen-milley-says-terror-group-resurgence-possible-in-afghanistan/).
+He's had a lot to say this long Labor Day weekend, in [remarks given this weekend to Fox news](https://www.breitbart.com/clips/2021/09/04/milley-what-you-saw-unfold-with-afghanistan-evacuation-was-one-of-the-plans-there-was-an-extensive-amount-of-planning-in-this/), and also [at the military base at Ramstein, Germany](https://nypost.com/2021/09/05/gen-milley-says-terror-group-resurgence-possible-in-afghanistan/).
 
 What I found quite useful, even revelatory, were the remarks that comprise [Wikipedia's article on the General](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Milley). Despite multiple references to the history of The Third Reich, Milley seems not to grasp the political affiliations of the major players in American politics. So, regarding Biden's Inauguration following the January 6th violence at the Capitol, Milley assures his listeners that "We’re going to put a ring of steel  around this city and the Nazis aren’t getting in."
 

diff --git a/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn b/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
index 427bde6..17a3f76 100644
--- a/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
@@ -8,4 +8,4 @@ He's had a lot to say this long Labor Day weekend, in [remarks given this weeken
 
 What I found quite useful, even revelatory, were the remarks that comprise [Wikipedia's article on the General](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Milley). Despite multiple references to the history of The Third Reich, Milley seems not to grasp the political affiliations of the major players in American politics. So, regarding Biden's Inauguration following the January 6th violence at the Capitol, Milley assures his listeners that "We’re going to put a ring of steel  around this city and the Nazis aren’t getting in."
 
-In the presence of a highly visible slow-motion bloodless Communist (if you must, read that as "Democratic National Committee") coup, Milley places the enemy behind the wrong gate. He misunderstands the Reichstag fire by citing it as the model for the January 6th non-Insurrection at the Capitol. A first class mind, to my way of thinking, would be on cautious of historiacl missteps of this magnitude. It would be fair to ask of the General "just who are the "Nazis" of which you spoke? His comments on the likelihood of Presidnet Trump resisting a peaceful transition of power similarly betray a large washout in the vicinity of Milley's cranial historical machinery.
+In the presence of a highly visible slow-motion bloodless Communist (if you must, read that as "Democratic National Committee") coup, Milley places the enemy behind the wrong gate. He misunderstands the Reichstag fire by citing it as the model for the January 6th non-Insurrection at the Capitol. A first class mind, to my way of thinking, would be exceedingly cautious of historical missteps of this magnitude. It would be fair to ask of the General "just who are the "Nazis" of which you spoke? His comments on the likelihood of Presidnet Trump resisting a peaceful transition of power similarly betray a large cranial washout in the vicinity of Milley's onboard historical machinery.

diff --git a/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn b/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..427bde6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Milley_is_now_running_for_President_in_2024.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+## But the General does not possess a first class mind.
+
+The principal question, of course, is as to whether our leaders, civil or military, require the services of a first class mind in order to render the service that the nation needs, and deserves, from them. 
+
+As I use the term, the hallmark of a first class mind is that it is able to see over the walls that locally surround it, at least as dictated by the nominal roles that are assigned to it. In the case of a military man, then, a first class mind would empower him to view situations according to those characteristics usually thought of as "civilian" matters. Thus where Milley falls off his horse, in my view, are situations that test the range of his understanding of civil affairs. Obviously he has a first class military mind, but indications are that he rapidly gets into waters quite over his head when required to view, say, current *political* goings-on.
+
+He's had a lot to say this long Labor Day weekend, in [remarks given this weekend to Fox news](https://www.breitbart.com/clips/2021/09/04/milley-what-you-saw-unfold-with-afghanistan-evacuation-was-one-of-the-plans-there-was-an-extensive-amount-of-planning-in-this/), and also [at the military base at Ramstein, Bermany](https://nypost.com/2021/09/05/gen-milley-says-terror-group-resurgence-possible-in-afghanistan/).
+
+What I found quite useful, even revelatory, were the remarks that comprise [Wikipedia's article on the General](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Milley). Despite multiple references to the history of The Third Reich, Milley seems not to grasp the political affiliations of the major players in American politics. So, regarding Biden's Inauguration following the January 6th violence at the Capitol, Milley assures his listeners that "We’re going to put a ring of steel  around this city and the Nazis aren’t getting in."
+
+In the presence of a highly visible slow-motion bloodless Communist (if you must, read that as "Democratic National Committee") coup, Milley places the enemy behind the wrong gate. He misunderstands the Reichstag fire by citing it as the model for the January 6th non-Insurrection at the Capitol. A first class mind, to my way of thinking, would be on cautious of historiacl missteps of this magnitude. It would be fair to ask of the General "just who are the "Nazis" of which you spoke? His comments on the likelihood of Presidnet Trump resisting a peaceful transition of power similarly betray a large washout in the vicinity of Milley's cranial historical machinery.

diff --git a/posts/Email_to_Gary.mdwn b/posts/Email_to_Gary.mdwn
index 0119491..b5ba1b7 100644
--- a/posts/Email_to_Gary.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Email_to_Gary.mdwn
@@ -1,3 +1,5 @@
+##### Emphasis added to Bridgman quote below Aug. 25, 2021.
+
     From: Bob Bernstein <bob@fanatick.org>
     To: Gary Parker <gary.parker@gmail.com>
     Subject: Percy Bridgman: Absurdly Brilliant
@@ -38,9 +40,9 @@ again like a crop of mushrooms after a rain, as in the recent
 fervid exclamation of Jeans that "God is a mathematician." This 
 mystical feeling involves, I think,a feeling for the "real 
 existence" of principles according to which this universe is 
-run. We have seen how meaningless is the contention that 
+run. **We have seen how meaningless is the contention that 
 principles exist independent of the mind in which they are 
-formulated.  What Jeans might have said is that Man is a 
+formulated.**  What Jeans might have said is that Man is a 
 mathematician, and reflected that it is no accident that he 
 forms nature in his own image."  p.67.
 

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index f40d030..89a8231 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -1,3 +1,5 @@
+##Stuff I can't remember!
+
 I cannot seem to keep this man's name in my head: Paul Weiss. (Nor Bob Zany!)
 
 [at Stanford Phil](https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/process-philosophy/)
@@ -19,3 +21,6 @@ Holton "On-The-Integrity-Of-Science-The-Issues-Since-Bronowski" (date?)
 
 Also: Marcia Sankowsky (Do I have that right? Is this Marcia Germaine Hutchinson?)
 
+Also: most important date in the history of modern Western civilization: 1687. First publication of Newton's Principia.
+ 
+

diff --git a/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn b/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn
index c7e88eb..3d2edbc 100644
--- a/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
 Let's get oriented for time: it is now some time between one (1) and two (2) am Sunday July 18th. That bizarre creature Psaki has waxed expansively both Thursday and Friday just past as to the probity if not actual sanctity of the Big Tech Censors accepting exact references to what the White House criminal regime deems "misinformation,' for disposition as those censors (Facebook and Twitter) see fit. 
 
-Dan Bongino covered her Thursday performance [in his Friday podcast ep. 1564)](https://bongino.com/podcasts/), including speculation by him as to the impact on current and future Supreme Court case her comments may spawn. Then the NYPost [ran a column](https://nypost.com/2021/07/16/government-dictating-what-social-media-bans-is-tyrannical/) that to my mind simply nailed it. Quoth their contributor Rachel Bovard: "In other words, the platforms have banned debate and inquiry itself." (Ms. Bovard is not indulging in hyperbole; read her piece.)
+Dan Bongino covered her Thursday performance [in his Friday podcast ep. 1564)](https://bongino.com/podcasts/), including speculation by him as to the impact on current and future Supreme Court cases her comments may spawn. Then the NYPost [ran a column](https://nypost.com/2021/07/16/government-dictating-what-social-media-bans-is-tyrannical/) that to my mind simply nailed it. Quoth their contributor Rachel Bovard: "In other words, the platforms have banned debate and inquiry itself." (Ms. Bovard is not indulging in hyperbole; read her piece.)
 
 Five months ago I set about obtaining permission to republish on this blog a longish snippet from a little known piece by George Orwell:
 

diff --git a/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn b/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn
index ccd1ee9..c7e88eb 100644
--- a/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn
@@ -2,3 +2,40 @@ Let's get oriented for time: it is now some time between one (1) and two (2) am
 
 Dan Bongino covered her Thursday performance [in his Friday podcast ep. 1564)](https://bongino.com/podcasts/), including speculation by him as to the impact on current and future Supreme Court case her comments may spawn. Then the NYPost [ran a column](https://nypost.com/2021/07/16/government-dictating-what-social-media-bans-is-tyrannical/) that to my mind simply nailed it. Quoth their contributor Rachel Bovard: "In other words, the platforms have banned debate and inquiry itself." (Ms. Bovard is not indulging in hyperbole; read her piece.)
 
+Five months ago I set about obtaining permission to republish on this blog a longish snippet from a little known piece by George Orwell:
+
+--snip--
+
+    From: Bob Bernstein <bob@fanatick.org>
+    To: info@orwellsociety.com
+    Subject: Permission to place text on a webpage.
+    Date: Sat, 20 Feb 2021 23:06:54
+
+I have a roughly one thousand word snip from Orwell's piece 
+"Looking Back On The Spanish War," found here:
+
+<https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/>
+
+...that I wish to place on a webpage I own. It is 
+a non-commercial, practically zero-traffic site that I maintain 
+strictly as a hobby. The site is 'Bob2084.branchable.com'.
+
+I will attach the snip I have chosen in a file named:
+Orwell_Fading_From_The_World.txt
+
+Pls. advise. Is there another "department" at The Orwell Society 
+to which this mail should be addressed?
+
+Thank you.
+
+-- 
+Bob Bernstein
+
+--snip--
+
+Since I had made application to the wrong organization (the Orwell Society very courteously and promptly remedied that), it took some time, but the extract is now on this site here: [[Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality]].  Now you understand, from the just-cited title I gave the extract, the sense of pathos -- if that's not too strong a term -- with which I view the constant, escalating flagellation by the current regime of the notion of "fact." My purpose in posting that Orwell extract was to provide a text for thoughts on the fact-checking mania that had already, as of last Februray, attained what I felt was crisis proportions. "Someone," I thought, "has to say something  reasonable and proper as to what facts are, and are not, and it might as well be me."
+
+As it turns out I was not equal to the task. I dawdled, going down other rabbit-holes, putting up an mp3 snip from an audio version of an Orwell biography, looking into how academic philosophers now treat of facts, and so on. Fortunately Orwell did not prevaricate in his essay, but, in his hallmark plain-spoken-but-surgically-accurate style, set out some markers that any discussion of facts as they can now appear in the Public Square could benefit from as launching points.
+
+It's now gone past three (3) in the morning. so at this juncture I could not do better than to give that link to Orwell himself again: [[Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality]].
+

diff --git a/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn b/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ccd1ee9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Fact-checking_now_psychotic.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+Let's get oriented for time: it is now some time between one (1) and two (2) am Sunday July 18th. That bizarre creature Psaki has waxed expansively both Thursday and Friday just past as to the probity if not actual sanctity of the Big Tech Censors accepting exact references to what the White House criminal regime deems "misinformation,' for disposition as those censors (Facebook and Twitter) see fit. 
+
+Dan Bongino covered her Thursday performance [in his Friday podcast ep. 1564)](https://bongino.com/podcasts/), including speculation by him as to the impact on current and future Supreme Court case her comments may spawn. Then the NYPost [ran a column](https://nypost.com/2021/07/16/government-dictating-what-social-media-bans-is-tyrannical/) that to my mind simply nailed it. Quoth their contributor Rachel Bovard: "In other words, the platforms have banned debate and inquiry itself." (Ms. Bovard is not indulging in hyperbole; read her piece.)
+

diff --git a/posts/This_is_what_will_happen.mdwn b/posts/This_is_what_will_happen.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fbb7ee0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/This_is_what_will_happen.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+It would be foolish of the criminal camarilla in and around the White House, who have the dotard in residence there under their thumb, not to wait as long as possible prior to Nov. 2022 before scrapping the filibuster and then bulldozing the For The People Act into law. No sense in giving the opposition extra time to foment unhappiness across these broad fruited plains.
+
+To institute their -- perhaps interim? -- goal of near-martial law they are going to have to finesse as many domestic meltdowns as possible in order to really get the mileage they seek out ot their implementation of the Insurrection Act, which is one of the things that will, per the title of these few thoughts, "happen."
+
+The principal hot-button conflicts the faux and real communists in the government hope to parlay into a massive take-over of raw power are, of course, the crisis at the border, and the coming crisis over the constantly developing public exposure of the recent political crime of the century, the election of Nov. 2020. 
+
+At the border it is much more clear how an escalation into armed conflict will occur, and that is what Biden and gang are praying for: "Oh please, let these "patriots" just once -- that's all we ask -- begin to shoot at us. Please!" You will see the Insurrection Act come into force so fast it will make your head spin. The criminal malfeasance on display in respect of the situation at the border is not a failure of the regime; it is their precise intention. The more horrific they manage by sleight of hand and simple lying to make the border zone the more likely it will be that shots will be fired at some point. 
+
+As the drumbeat swells for more and more state forensic audits (of the Nov. 2020 vote tallies), which are not going the White House thugs' way so far, the opposition to the For The People Act may reach explosive proportions locally, say, over policing of the no-voter-ID provision, or around demonstrations against the pathetically unconstitutional proscription against legal challenges to the provisions -- remember, at this stage of the game they will be STATUTES -- of S. 1. The crowd violence that may result will make Jan. 6th look like what it actually was: child's play. 
+
+Look for "our" Departments of Justice and Homeland Security to play ever more high profile roles in the coming totalitarian crackdown. Fomenting grass-roots violence in order to "justify" wildly over-reaching armed state repression has been a staple of totalitarian-revolutionary thought since the early Anarchists hoped one big explosion could wreak chaos sufficient to trigger "spontaneous" uprising and revolt. And the new Dem's in Congress have done their homework; federal armed incursions into corners of the Public Square could become commonplace. The DOJ now has what amounts to a *legacy* of co-opting the historical *peace-keeping* roles of local and state police organizations. Obama and the running dog thug Holder saw to that quite nicely thank you.
+
+To pilfer a line from the late, great Paul Harvey, "and now you know the rest of what is going to happen.
+
+

diff --git a/posts/About_Gods.mdwn b/posts/About_Gods.mdwn
index b3551c7..e5e4492 100644
--- a/posts/About_Gods.mdwn
+++ b/posts/About_Gods.mdwn
@@ -127,7 +127,7 @@ ignore the crumbling of its own foundations. And now the
 piper wants to be paid. 
 
 Physicists may enjoy contributing to ventures such as the
-film _What the bleep (do we know)?, but if we are all
+film _What The Bleep Do We Know!?_, but if we are all
 only involved in crafting edifying guiding fictions, then 
 let no one take umbrage when the folks from the other side
 of the tracks notice that no guiding fiction is any better
@@ -138,3 +138,7 @@ sitting in a glass of water, I know the pencil is still
 straight. I know what is fiction, and what is not. Isn't
 that a fact?
 
+#### A pdf of Wisdom's article "Gods" [can be downloaded](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Wisdom_Gods.pdf).
+
+
+

diff --git a/posts/About_Gods.mdwn b/posts/About_Gods.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b3551c7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/About_Gods.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,140 @@
+#### The following text is for the present submitted without comment.
+
+"If all you have is a hammer...everything starts to look
+like a fact -- um, I mean..." 
+
+The remarkable Cambridge (UK) philosopher, the late John 
+Wisdom, began his landmark essay "Gods" (1944) with this:
+*"The existence of God is not an experimental issue in the
+way it was."*
+
+Belief in God is not now usually put to the test by
+looking for the results, say, of a particular prayer or
+ritual. If the desired outcome fails to materialize,
+suspicion first falls on the prayer; there must have been
+something faulty in the intention. The initial desire
+behind the prayer deserves blame, not God. Whether a 
+divine all-powerful benevolent Creator exists is not seen
+anymore as a question susceptible of being "settled" by a
+sufficiently diligent collection and collation of facts.
+
+In Western modernity, this has become the accepted wisdom
+regarding most questions involving "ultimate concerns" 
+(Tillich's phrase). So-called "natural theology," which
+purports to extract evidence and consequent compelling
+reasoning from the physical, natural world in support of
+God's existence and estimable character, has for the most
+part been confined to a corner of Roman Catholic teaching,
+being, as it was, a component of the approach of St.
+Thomas Aquinas to the question.  The modern point of 
+view, holding sway since, roughly, the end of the
+eighteenth century, holds that the really difficult, and
+most important questions that confront us are not such as
+can be answered by any imaginable collection of facts, but
+are instead tangles that demand increased clarity of
+thought. Conceptual muddles are what bedevil us, not lack
+of information. Historically, this has been the 
+conclusion since Hume and Kant tackled the foundations of
+modern science, and left them, still, for the most part
+not on solid footings. 
+
+As an aside it ought to be noted here that the dubiously
+named enterprise known as "creation science," rather than
+seeking to make inferences from facts observed in nature 
+to God's existence starts with the latter claim and then
+attempts to explain in supposed theoretical fashion the
+facts of evolution. But this is really a dog in another
+fight, namely the one about the true character of
+scientific method. What's central to the present
+discussion is the importance attached to facts in all 
+kinds of diverse settings; their presumed Divine
+Authorship is yet another fight, one we will bypass for
+now.
+
+If our ultimate concerns all bear question marks, do we
+labor more under a dearth of facts, or in a fog of
+confused thought? Well you may ask, "What are these vital
+questions that give you so much pause?" Fair question.
+Let's take a shot:
+
+Is the human mind fitted to understand the universe?
+
+What is reality? 
+
+When does life begin?
+
+Does anything exist independently of our idea of it?
+
+In the context of this discussion, here's the real 
+kicker:
+
+What is a fact?
+
+That last one is useful, as it brings out in stark outline
+the folly of relying on the relentless, and ever-widening
+search for facts to answer our most basic concerns.  This
+search has gained momentum as more and more aspects of
+human experience appear to fall under the aegis of 
+something called "science." The medical field especially,
+awash in new genetic findings almost daily, adds its
+powerful imprimatur to the notion that very few
+significant questions ultimately will be left standing 
+when all the data "is in."
+
+We are told that the availability of cheap computing 
+machinery has spawned a new branch of mathematics:
+experimental mathematics. Are we now to believe that
+fundamental problems in mathematics have resolved
+themselves into "factual" questions? Alas, we are going to
+be bogged down for some time, since the following question
+is hardly one that can ever be answered by any imaginable
+collection of facts:
+
+What is scientifc method, and what makes it preferable to,
+say, divination?
+
+No doubt many will rush in at this point with vague talk
+about how science can predict events, but actually very,
+very few sciences have developed to the point where their
+predictions are much more than educated bets on future
+outcomes.  Physics, chemistry, and some parts of biology 
+can exercise precise predictive capability based on
+theoretical laws. For the rest of them, they are at best
+"correlational" pursuits. This, of course, is the wide
+open barn door through which creation science yokels can
+drive their buggies into downtown Boards of Education. But
+to listen to the proud peacocks of the American
+Association for the Advancement of Science, the line 
+between science and beguiling fiction is clear for all to
+see! Science deals with natural causes of events! 
+Everyone knows that!
+
+By now, you should be ahead of me. You should have 
+already framed in your mind the next addition to our list
+of important questions which no imaginable collection of
+facts can ever answer. No? Ok, don't blink: What is
+nature? How should we discern the natural from what is 
+not natural?
+
+The blame for the creationism debacle in Kansas lies
+squarely with our scientific community, which has 
+comfortably ignored (for the most part) most all of the
+philosophical discussion of science that has transpired,
+as noted, since Hume and Kant pursued their investigations
+more than some two hundred years ago. That's a long time
+for perhaps our most powerful intellectual community to
+ignore the crumbling of its own foundations. And now the 
+piper wants to be paid. 
+
+Physicists may enjoy contributing to ventures such as the
+film _What the bleep (do we know)?, but if we are all
+only involved in crafting edifying guiding fictions, then 
+let no one take umbrage when the folks from the other side
+of the tracks notice that no guiding fiction is any better
+than any other guiding fiction.  Isn't that a fact?
+
+But, when all is said is done, when I look at a pencil
+sitting in a glass of water, I know the pencil is still 
+straight. I know what is fiction, and what is not. Isn't
+that a fact?
+

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index 8cd3829..f40d030 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -17,5 +17,5 @@ of all."
 
 Holton "On-The-Integrity-Of-Science-The-Issues-Since-Bronowski" (date?)
 
-Also: Marcia Sankowsky (Do I have that right?)
+Also: Marcia Sankowsky (Do I have that right? Is this Marcia Germaine Hutchinson?)
 

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index c6b3fea..8cd3829 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -17,5 +17,5 @@ of all."
 
 Holton "On-The-Integrity-Of-Science-The-Issues-Since-Bronowski" (date?)
 
-
+Also: Marcia Sankowsky (Do I have that right?)
 

diff --git a/posts/Email_to_Gary.mdwn b/posts/Email_to_Gary.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0119491
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Email_to_Gary.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+    From: Bob Bernstein <bob@fanatick.org>
+    To: Gary Parker <gary.parker@gmail.com>
+    Subject: Percy Bridgman: Absurdly Brilliant
+    Date: Tue, 29 Jun 2021 20:34:15
+    User-Agent: Alpine 2.23.2 (DEB 509 2020-10-04)
+
+"It may perhaps be hopeless ever to expect a mathematical 
+formulation of the observer; the fact that the theory is itself 
+a creature of the brain of the observer who is trying to 
+formulate a theory which shall include his own brain would lead 
+one to expect mathematical difficulties."
+
+_The Nature of Physical Theory_ p.121.
+
+I believe Bridgman's bottom-line insight is:
+
+"...what we mean by physical reality is to a large extent a 
+matter of convention and convenience." ibid. p.120.
+
+A tad underwhelming one might say, but in saying that I am only 
+showing my own hand of cards in this game. In this next 
+paragraph from the same work Bridgman NAILS ME:
+
+nb. "Jeans" -- cited below -- was an English physicist and 
+astronomer working during the period of these earth-shaking 
+developments in physics e.g. relativity and quantum mechanics. 
+https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Jeans
+
+"The feeling that all the steps in a mathematical theory must 
+have their counterpart in the physical system is the outgrowth, 
+I think, of a certain mystical feeling about the mathematical 
+construction of the physical world. Some sort of an idea like 
+this has been flitting about in the back-ground of the 
+paraphernalia of the thinking of civilization at least since the 
+days of Pythagoras, and every now and then, perhaps after some 
+particularly striking mathematical success, it bursts forth 
+again like a crop of mushrooms after a rain, as in the recent 
+fervid exclamation of Jeans that "God is a mathematician." This 
+mystical feeling involves, I think,a feeling for the "real 
+existence" of principles according to which this universe is 
+run. We have seen how meaningless is the contention that 
+principles exist independent of the mind in which they are 
+formulated.  What Jeans might have said is that Man is a 
+mathematician, and reflected that it is no accident that he 
+forms nature in his own image."  p.67.
+
+I very much regret that Bob Castiglione of the RIC philosophy 
+department is not alive to (continue to) join me in these 
+explorations.
+
+
+    -- 
+    What can be asserted without evidence can be
+    dismissed without evidence.
+
+                              Hitchens' Razor

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index 300dc72..c6b3fea 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-I cannot seem to keep this man's name in my head: Paul Weiss.
+I cannot seem to keep this man's name in my head: Paul Weiss. (Nor Bob Zany!)
 
 [at Stanford Phil](https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/process-philosophy/)
 

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index 2353674..300dc72 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -5,4 +5,17 @@ I cannot seem to keep this man's name in my head: Paul Weiss.
 Also: "Neurath's boat"
 <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurath%27s_boat>
 
+Also:
+
+"...a society must incorporate the 
+rationalizing power symbolized by scientific 
+knowledge, for otherwise it will be a fatally 
+split society- split between a powerful elite 
+and the disenfranchised mass. To this we add 
+now: an irrational elite is the most dangerous 
+of all."
+
+Holton "On-The-Integrity-Of-Science-The-Issues-Since-Bronowski" (date?)
+
+
 

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index 04ac863..2353674 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -1,3 +1,8 @@
 I cannot seem to keep this man's name in my head: Paul Weiss.
 
 [at Stanford Phil](https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/process-philosophy/)
+
+Also: "Neurath's boat"
+<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurath%27s_boat>
+
+

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
index a47d8c6..04ac863 100644
--- a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -1 +1,3 @@
 I cannot seem to keep this man's name in my head: Paul Weiss.
+
+[at Stanford Phil](https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/process-philosophy/)

diff --git a/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a47d8c6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Note_To_Self_June_2021.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+I cannot seem to keep this man's name in my head: Paul Weiss.

diff --git a/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn b/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn
index 15cf0ca..71a9112 100644
--- a/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn
+++ b/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
 I'm just learning here early Tuesday morning that the slug Biden managed to pass the weekend without a mention of D Day. 
 
-Sitting in for Mark levin, Ben Ferguson repaired this gap in my awareness by playing the prayer audio. Here is a direct link to that audio courtesy [history.com](https://www.history.com):
+Sitting in for Mark Levin, Ben Ferguson repaired this gap in my awareness by playing the prayer audio. Here is a direct link to that audio courtesy [history.com](https://www.history.com):
 
 <https://www.history.com/embed/21167912>
 

diff --git a/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn b/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn
index 78113f6..15cf0ca 100644
--- a/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn
+++ b/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn
@@ -4,4 +4,4 @@ Sitting in for Mark levin, Ben Ferguson repaired this gap in my awareness by pla
 
 <https://www.history.com/embed/21167912>
 
-I more and more lay hold of Archbishop Vigano's characterization of our present moment in history: The Children of Light versus The Children of Darkness. Even FDR knew enough on the eve of the landings in Mormandy to offer a prayer, not a speech.
+I more and more lay hold of Archbishop Vigano's characterization of our present moment in history: The Children of Light versus The Children of Darkness. Even FDR knew enough on the eve of the landings in Normandy to offer a prayer, not a speech.

diff --git a/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn b/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..78113f6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/FDRs_DDay_Prayer.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+I'm just learning here early Tuesday morning that the slug Biden managed to pass the weekend without a mention of D Day. 
+
+Sitting in for Mark levin, Ben Ferguson repaired this gap in my awareness by playing the prayer audio. Here is a direct link to that audio courtesy [history.com](https://www.history.com):
+
+<https://www.history.com/embed/21167912>
+
+I more and more lay hold of Archbishop Vigano's characterization of our present moment in history: The Children of Light versus The Children of Darkness. Even FDR knew enough on the eve of the landings in Mormandy to offer a prayer, not a speech.

diff --git a/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn b/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn
index c41d926..040a021 100644
--- a/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn
@@ -1 +1,30 @@
-[Mark Steyn](https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/increasingly-unrecognizable-civilization/) has [an entry on his site](https://www.steynonline.com/11347/caving-in), and the first word to leap off my monitor was "Orwellian." I am, with my focus on Orwell -- see, for instance, [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]] -- in excellent company.
+[Mark Steyn](https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/increasingly-unrecognizable-civilization/) has an entry, "Caving In," [on his site](https://www.steynonline.com/11347/caving-in), and the first word to leap off my monitor was "Orwellian." I am, with my focus on Orwell -- see, for instance, [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]] -- in excellent company. Steyn lays out the striking parallels between Orwell's Ministry of Truth (_1984_) and our own CNN, Facebook, Google and Twitter. They are the direct descendants of the Ministry.
+
+Last month Steyn contributed to Hillsdale College's [Imprimis series](https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/increasingly-unrecognizable-civilization/), and closes the piece with a meditation on language and its uses and abuses. A couple of paragraphs if you don't mind:
+
+>I’ll end by pointing out that the Left
+   wins because it seizes language. Take
+   the policy of letting people vote who
+   are not U.S. citizens and shouldn’t be
+   voting. The Left calls this policy
+   “counting every vote.” Therefore
+   someone who wants to make sure voters
+   are citizens is opposed to “counting
+   every vote.” If we don’t take back the
+   language, we will lose the truth. Even
+on FOX News, I have noticed, news
+   anchors now talk about “gender
+   assigned at birth,” as if that’s
+   something different from one’s
+   biological sex. There may be 57
+   genders, but there are only two
+   biological sexes.
+
+>Don’t surrender the language. Reclaim
+   the language. It’s the first step to
+   recovering our civilization.
+
+Orwell would like to meet Steyn is my guess.
+
+I submit that in his [contribution](https://www.thecatholicthing.org/2021/06/06/those-dead-dogmas/?utm_source=The+Catholic+Thing+Daily&utm_campaign=04b99e2e64-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_12_07_01_02_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_769a14e16a-04b99e2e64-244316526)
+yesterday (6/6/2021) to [The Catholic Thing](https://www.thecatholicthing.org/), "Those Dead Dogmas," Fr. Thomas G. Weinandy, OFM, Cap. did exactly that for the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed. The article is a model of clear, positive exegesis. Check it out, especially if, like me, you are not a Catholic.

diff --git a/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn b/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn
index 825ec9d..c41d926 100644
--- a/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn
@@ -1 +1 @@
-[Mark Steyn](https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/increasingly-unrecognizable-civilization/) has an entry on his site, and the first word to leap off my monitor was "Orwellian." I am, with my focus on Orwell -- see, for instance, [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]] -- in excellent company.
+[Mark Steyn](https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/increasingly-unrecognizable-civilization/) has [an entry on his site](https://www.steynonline.com/11347/caving-in), and the first word to leap off my monitor was "Orwellian." I am, with my focus on Orwell -- see, for instance, [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]] -- in excellent company.

diff --git a/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn b/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..825ec9d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Mark_Steyn_The_Catholic_Thing_And_Language.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+[Mark Steyn](https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/increasingly-unrecognizable-civilization/) has an entry on his site, and the first word to leap off my monitor was "Orwellian." I am, with my focus on Orwell -- see, for instance, [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]] -- in excellent company.

diff --git a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
index d0bb587..f3388f5 100644
--- a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-I was thinking earlier tonight, "You know Bob, you have put up that long extract of Orwell  reflecting on facts in politics ([[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]), but you have not done any exegesis with it." But here early in the AM I was hit by something that epitomizes perfectly how the dilemma as to facts has reached a very high pitch. 
+I was thinking earlier tonight, "You know Bob, you have put up that long extract of Orwell  reflecting on facts in politics ([[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]), but you have not done any exegesis with it." But here early in the AM (6/5/21) I was hit by something that epitomizes perfectly how the dilemma as to facts has reached a very high pitch. 
 
 See, for instance, Andrew Stiles' ["Libs: Emily Wilder and Nikole Hannah-Jones Were Victims of Conservative ‘Disinformation Campaign’](https://freebeacon.com/media/conservative-disinformation-campaign/) in the [Washington Free Beacon](https://freebeacon.com) this morning. Here's a snippet from it:
 

diff --git a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
index a10605a..d0bb587 100644
--- a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ Did Nietzsche really say, "Facts are precisely what we don't have."? I think he
 
 >I know it is the fashion to say that most of recorded history is lies anyway. I am willing to believe that history is for the most part inaccurate and biased, but what is peculiar to our own age is the abandonment of the idea that history **could** be truthfully written. In the past people deliberately lied, or they unconsciously coloured what they wrote, or they struggled after the truth, well knowing that they must make many mistakes; but in each case they believed that 'the facts' existed and were more or less discoverable. And in practice there was always a considerable body of fact which would have been agreed to by almost everyone. If you look up the history of the last war in, for instance, the Encyclopaedia Britannica, you will find that a respectable amount of the material is drawn from German sources. A British and a German historian would disagree deeply on many things, even on fundamentals, but there would still be that body of, as it were, neutral fact on which neither would seriously challenge the other. It is just this common basis of agreement, with its implication that human beings are all one species of animal, that totalitarianism destroys. Nazi theory indeed specifically denies that such a thing as 'the truth' exists. There is, for instance, no such thing as 'science'. There is only 'German science, 'Jewish science' etc. The implied objective of this line of thought is a nightmare world in which the Leader, or some ruling clique, controls not only the future but the past. If the Leader says of such and such an event, 'It never happened' -- well, it never happened. If he says that two and two are five -- well, two and two are five. This prospect frightens me much more than bombs -- and after our experiences of the last few years that is not a frivolous statement.
 
-Here's the money quote: *"It is just this common basis of agreement, with its implication that human beings are all one species of animal, that totalitarianism destroys."* For our journalism profs we are not all of "one species of animal." We are either in the ranks of what the wonderful John Derbyshire terms the "good white people," or we are dangerous insurrectionists plotting our next destructive foray into the gated communities of the Beautiful People. We are in Bizarro-World, which unsurprisingly Orwell described perfectly in his essay [Politics and the English Language](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/politics-and-the-english-language/):
+Here's the money quote: *"It is just this common basis of agreement, with its implication that human beings are all one species of animal, that totalitarianism destroys."* For our journalism profs we are not all of "one species of animal." We are either in the ranks of what the wonderful John Derbyshire terms the "good white people," or we are dangerous insurrectionists plotting our next destructive foray into the gated communities of the Beautiful People. We are in Bizarro-World, which unsurprisingly Orwell described perfectly in his essay [Politics and the English Language](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/politics-and-the-english-language/) (1946):
 
 >In our age there is no such thing as ‘keeping out of politics’. All issues are political issues, and politics itself is a mass of lies, evasions, folly, hatred and schizophrenia.
 

diff --git a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
index 3fb095b..a10605a 100644
--- a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
@@ -22,7 +22,21 @@ That "public square" I mentioned? It no longer rings with considered efforts to
 
 How much have we lost? **How much trouble are we really in?**
 
-#### (A work in progress.)
+----
+
+Did Nietzsche really say, "Facts are precisely what we don't have."? I think he did, and that was all the pinheads teaching "English" at our higher ed facilities had to see. Under some of the meanings of the word "fact" Nietzsche was right. But Orwell's gift for clarity comes to the fore in his "Looking Back On The Spanish War" article. I will perforce quote an entire paragraph, which will serve to benchmark how much we have lost:
+
+>I know it is the fashion to say that most of recorded history is lies anyway. I am willing to believe that history is for the most part inaccurate and biased, but what is peculiar to our own age is the abandonment of the idea that history **could** be truthfully written. In the past people deliberately lied, or they unconsciously coloured what they wrote, or they struggled after the truth, well knowing that they must make many mistakes; but in each case they believed that 'the facts' existed and were more or less discoverable. And in practice there was always a considerable body of fact which would have been agreed to by almost everyone. If you look up the history of the last war in, for instance, the Encyclopaedia Britannica, you will find that a respectable amount of the material is drawn from German sources. A British and a German historian would disagree deeply on many things, even on fundamentals, but there would still be that body of, as it were, neutral fact on which neither would seriously challenge the other. It is just this common basis of agreement, with its implication that human beings are all one species of animal, that totalitarianism destroys. Nazi theory indeed specifically denies that such a thing as 'the truth' exists. There is, for instance, no such thing as 'science'. There is only 'German science, 'Jewish science' etc. The implied objective of this line of thought is a nightmare world in which the Leader, or some ruling clique, controls not only the future but the past. If the Leader says of such and such an event, 'It never happened' -- well, it never happened. If he says that two and two are five -- well, two and two are five. This prospect frightens me much more than bombs -- and after our experiences of the last few years that is not a frivolous statement.
+
+Here's the money quote: *"It is just this common basis of agreement, with its implication that human beings are all one species of animal, that totalitarianism destroys."* For our journalism profs we are not all of "one species of animal." We are either in the ranks of what the wonderful John Derbyshire terms the "good white people," or we are dangerous insurrectionists plotting our next destructive foray into the gated communities of the Beautiful People. We are in Bizarro-World, which unsurprisingly Orwell described perfectly in his essay [Politics and the English Language](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/politics-and-the-english-language/):
+
+>In our age there is no such thing as ‘keeping out of politics’. All issues are political issues, and politics itself is a mass of lies, evasions, folly, hatred and schizophrenia.
+
+
+
+
+
+#### Finis
 
 
 

diff --git a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
index 698cfcc..3fb095b 100644
--- a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
@@ -8,8 +8,6 @@ See, for instance, Andrew Stiles' ["Libs: Emily Wilder and Nikole Hannah-Jones W
 
 Our UNC journalism professors are mired in confusion of stunning depth. They seem totally ("perhaps in good faith," as they might put it) oblivious to the blurring of those intellectual boundaries whose precise location is at the heart of the controversy, if that is what it is, regarding facts. My guess is neither professor ever used the word "epistemology" once in, say, an undergraduate term paper. They clearly have not explored the subject at a graduate level.
 
-#### (A work in progress. Added 06/05/2021)
-
 Where to begin? How about with the profs' obsession with motivation instead of message? They deem it likely that conservative observers can, yes, be acting in "good faith" yet still be dissemnating this thing called -- rather loosely, it must be admitted -- "disinformation." So these observers somehow mean well, are striving to discern truth from error, but must be so deluded that they are unaware of their "political and ideological goals."
 
 That is, of course, nonsense, as Stiles points out in summary fashion: 
@@ -18,11 +16,13 @@ That is, of course, nonsense, as Stiles points out in summary fashion:
 
 This simply won't do. The complete absence in the public square of any focus on, say, to what criteria ought appeal be made to sift out truth from error is daunting, and bodes ill for our future. This is not a problem only recently thrust on us. It's not as if we have not had a steady dialogue in Western Civilization for oh say a coupla thousand years on the question. But thanks to the combined efforts of French and German philosophy faculties in the last century, and their sycophantic followers in the English departments of practically every college and university in the Anglophone world, no discussion of claims to truth versus error is deemed to have any more weight than, say, conversations as to whether anchovies should ever be served as a pizza topping. *(The answer to that is of course YES.)*
 
-Orwell saw this coming in the Forties. It is **precisely** this development that he said scared him "more than bombs." I refer of course to this from him in the extract cited above: *"...the very concept of objective truth is fading out of the world."* Rationality and objectivity are relics of the Bad Old Past and thanks to recent elucidations are now known to be devious attempts by evil white heterosexual men to *(EEK!)* maintain their **CONTROL OF THE NARRATIVE***.
+Orwell saw this coming in the Forties. It is **precisely** this development that he said scared him "more than bombs." I refer of course to this from him in the extract cited above: *"...the very concept of objective truth is fading out of the world."* Rationality and objectivity are relics of the Bad Old Past and thanks to recent elucidations are now known to be devious attempts by evil white heterosexual men to *(EEK!)* maintain their *CONTROL OF THE NARRATIVE*.
 
 That "public square" I mentioned? It no longer rings with considered efforts to persuade. The sweaty, red-faced orators standing (literally!) on soap boxes at various points across the Boston Common may be gone, but much more has been lost than their picturesque presence. They had no problem with others of their number, at other locations, plying *their* assembled crowds with *their* efforts to persuade. They wouldn't understand the current, apparent, need to eliminate opposing views, as if such things are toxic to the public weal. 
 
 How much have we lost? **How much trouble are we really in?**
 
+#### (A work in progress.)
+
 
 

diff --git a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
index 39ed73d..698cfcc 100644
--- a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
@@ -18,11 +18,11 @@ That is, of course, nonsense, as Stiles points out in summary fashion:
 
 This simply won't do. The complete absence in the public square of any focus on, say, to what criteria ought appeal be made to sift out truth from error is daunting, and bodes ill for our future. This is not a problem only recently thrust on us. It's not as if we have not had a steady dialogue in Western Civilization for oh say a coupla thousand years on the question. But thanks to the combined efforts of French and German philosophy faculties in the last century, and their sycophantic followers in the English departments of practically every college and university in the Anglophone world, no discussion of claims to truth versus error is deemed to have any more weight than, say, conversations as to whether anchovies should ever be served as a pizza topping. *(The answer to that is of course YES.)*
 
-Orwell saw this coming in the Forties. It is **precisely** this development that he said scared him "more than bombs." I refer of course to this from him in the extract cited above: *"...the very concept of objective truth is fading out of the world."* Rationality and objectivity are relics of the Bad Old Past and thankS to recent elucidations are now known to be devious attempts by evil white heterosexual men to *(EEK!)* to maintain their **CONTROL OF THE NARRATIVE***.
+Orwell saw this coming in the Forties. It is **precisely** this development that he said scared him "more than bombs." I refer of course to this from him in the extract cited above: *"...the very concept of objective truth is fading out of the world."* Rationality and objectivity are relics of the Bad Old Past and thanks to recent elucidations are now known to be devious attempts by evil white heterosexual men to *(EEK!)* maintain their **CONTROL OF THE NARRATIVE***.
 
-That "public square" I mentioned? It no longer rings with considered efforts to persuade. The sweaty, red-faced orators standing (literally!) on soap boxes at various points across the Boston Common may be gone, but much more has been lost than their picturesque presence. They had no problem with others of their number, at other locations, plying the assembled crowds with *their* efforts to persuade. They wouldn't understand the current, apparent, need to eliminate opposing views, as if such things are toxic to the public weal. 
+That "public square" I mentioned? It no longer rings with considered efforts to persuade. The sweaty, red-faced orators standing (literally!) on soap boxes at various points across the Boston Common may be gone, but much more has been lost than their picturesque presence. They had no problem with others of their number, at other locations, plying *their* assembled crowds with *their* efforts to persuade. They wouldn't understand the current, apparent, need to eliminate opposing views, as if such things are toxic to the public weal. 
 
-How much have we lost? **How much trouble are we really in?"
+How much have we lost? **How much trouble are we really in?**
 
 
 

co
diff --git a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
index 1508aad..39ed73d 100644
--- a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
-I was thinking earlier tonight, "You know Bob, you have put up that long extract of Orwell reflecting on facts in politics, but you have not done any exegesis with it." But here early in the AM I was hit by something that epitomizes perfectly how the dilemma as to facts has reached a very high pitch. 
+I was thinking earlier tonight, "You know Bob, you have put up that long extract of Orwell  reflecting on facts in politics ([[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]), but you have not done any exegesis with it." But here early in the AM I was hit by something that epitomizes perfectly how the dilemma as to facts has reached a very high pitch. 
 
-See, for instance ["Libs: Emily Wilder and Nikole Hannah-Jones Were Victims of Conservative ‘Disinformation Campaign’](https://freebeacon.com/media/conservative-disinformation-campaign/) in the [Washington Free Beacon](https://freebeacon.com) this morning. Here's a snippet from it:
+See, for instance, Andrew Stiles' ["Libs: Emily Wilder and Nikole Hannah-Jones Were Victims of Conservative ‘Disinformation Campaign’](https://freebeacon.com/media/conservative-disinformation-campaign/) in the [Washington Free Beacon](https://freebeacon.com) this morning. Here's a snippet from it:
 
 >University of North Carolina journalism professors Alice Marwick and Daniel Kreiss are just as convinced that Nikole Hannah-Jones was the target of multiple "conservative disinformation campaigns." Writing in Slate, the professors argue that criticizing Hannah-Jones and her controversial 1619 Project, a revisionist history of the American founding that has been widely criticized by historians, is tantamount to waging disinformation.
 
@@ -8,6 +8,21 @@ See, for instance ["Libs: Emily Wilder and Nikole Hannah-Jones Were Victims of C
 
 Our UNC journalism professors are mired in confusion of stunning depth. They seem totally ("perhaps in good faith," as they might put it) oblivious to the blurring of those intellectual boundaries whose precise location is at the heart of the controversy, if that is what it is, regarding facts. My guess is neither professor ever used the word "epistemology" once in, say, an undergraduate term paper. They clearly have not explored the subject at a graduate level.
 
-#### (A work in progress. To be continued.)
+#### (A work in progress. Added 06/05/2021)
+
+Where to begin? How about with the profs' obsession with motivation instead of message? They deem it likely that conservative observers can, yes, be acting in "good faith" yet still be dissemnating this thing called -- rather loosely, it must be admitted -- "disinformation." So these observers somehow mean well, are striving to discern truth from error, but must be so deluded that they are unaware of their "political and ideological goals."
+
+That is, of course, nonsense, as Stiles points out in summary fashion: 
+
+>...by this standard, most of what the mainstream media do on a daily basis might be described as a disinformation campaign.
+
+This simply won't do. The complete absence in the public square of any focus on, say, to what criteria ought appeal be made to sift out truth from error is daunting, and bodes ill for our future. This is not a problem only recently thrust on us. It's not as if we have not had a steady dialogue in Western Civilization for oh say a coupla thousand years on the question. But thanks to the combined efforts of French and German philosophy faculties in the last century, and their sycophantic followers in the English departments of practically every college and university in the Anglophone world, no discussion of claims to truth versus error is deemed to have any more weight than, say, conversations as to whether anchovies should ever be served as a pizza topping. *(The answer to that is of course YES.)*
+
+Orwell saw this coming in the Forties. It is **precisely** this development that he said scared him "more than bombs." I refer of course to this from him in the extract cited above: *"...the very concept of objective truth is fading out of the world."* Rationality and objectivity are relics of the Bad Old Past and thankS to recent elucidations are now known to be devious attempts by evil white heterosexual men to *(EEK!)* to maintain their **CONTROL OF THE NARRATIVE***.
+
+That "public square" I mentioned? It no longer rings with considered efforts to persuade. The sweaty, red-faced orators standing (literally!) on soap boxes at various points across the Boston Common may be gone, but much more has been lost than their picturesque presence. They had no problem with others of their number, at other locations, plying the assembled crowds with *their* efforts to persuade. They wouldn't understand the current, apparent, need to eliminate opposing views, as if such things are toxic to the public weal. 
+
+How much have we lost? **How much trouble are we really in?"
+
 
 

diff --git a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
index b0c8018..1508aad 100644
--- a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
@@ -8,4 +8,6 @@ See, for instance ["Libs: Emily Wilder and Nikole Hannah-Jones Were Victims of C
 
 Our UNC journalism professors are mired in confusion of stunning depth. They seem totally ("perhaps in good faith," as they might put it) oblivious to the blurring of those intellectual boundaries whose precise location is at the heart of the controversy, if that is what it is, regarding facts. My guess is neither professor ever used the word "epistemology" once in, say, an undergraduate term paper. They clearly have not explored the subject at a graduate level.
 
+#### (A work in progress. To be continued.)
+
 

diff --git a/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b0c8018
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Welcome_To_Bizarro-World.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+I was thinking earlier tonight, "You know Bob, you have put up that long extract of Orwell reflecting on facts in politics, but you have not done any exegesis with it." But here early in the AM I was hit by something that epitomizes perfectly how the dilemma as to facts has reached a very high pitch. 
+
+See, for instance ["Libs: Emily Wilder and Nikole Hannah-Jones Were Victims of Conservative ‘Disinformation Campaign’](https://freebeacon.com/media/conservative-disinformation-campaign/) in the [Washington Free Beacon](https://freebeacon.com) this morning. Here's a snippet from it:
+
+>University of North Carolina journalism professors Alice Marwick and Daniel Kreiss are just as convinced that Nikole Hannah-Jones was the target of multiple "conservative disinformation campaigns." Writing in Slate, the professors argue that criticizing Hannah-Jones and her controversial 1619 Project, a revisionist history of the American founding that has been widely criticized by historians, is tantamount to waging disinformation.
+
+>It's "possible," they concede, that some critics might be "doing so in good faith," but that doesn't mean their criticism is any less disinformative. "Debate and disagreement are at the heart of academia—but conservative disinformation campaigns are deliberately spread to advance particular political and ideological goals," Marwick and Kreiss write. Of course, by this standard, most of what the mainstream media do on a daily basis might be described as a disinformation campaign.
+
+Our UNC journalism professors are mired in confusion of stunning depth. They seem totally ("perhaps in good faith," as they might put it) oblivious to the blurring of those intellectual boundaries whose precise location is at the heart of the controversy, if that is what it is, regarding facts. My guess is neither professor ever used the word "epistemology" once in, say, an undergraduate term paper. They clearly have not explored the subject at a graduate level.
+
+

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
index 1b54bf6..8dce000 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ circles that he was writing a book (eventually
 _Homage To Catalonia_) about his experiences
 there. The Communist Party in England put it out that
 Orwell had once written that working class people
-"smell," in a effort to smear and discredit him in
+"smell," in an effort to smear and discredit him in
 advance of the release of his book, which was
 going to be VERY critical of the Communist role in
 Spain. Of course he had never written any such

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
index 5a60e44..1b54bf6 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
@@ -16,8 +16,8 @@ classes smelled.
 
 ---
 
-The late Frederick Davidson was one of the high priests of recorded book narrators. He narrated Michael Shendlin's _Orwell: The Authorized Biography_ (New York: HarperCollins, 1991) for [audible.com](https://audible.com).
+The late Frederick Davidson was one of the high priests of recorded book narrators. He narrated Michael Shelden's _Orwell: The Authorized Biography_ (New York: HarperCollins, 1991) for [audible.com](https://audible.com).
 
-Elsewhere on this site is a one thousand word extract from an essay -- [Looking Back On The Spanish War](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/) -- written by Orwell in 1942; I titled the extract [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]. As an aid in understanding Orwell's visceral involvement in these issues, I make available a [seven minute audio extract ](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Orwell-Homage.mp3) from Shendlin's biography.
+Elsewhere on this site is a one thousand word extract from an essay -- [Looking Back On The Spanish War](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/) -- written by Orwell in 1942; I titled the extract [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]. As an aid in understanding Orwell's visceral involvement in these issues, I make available a [seven minute audio extract ](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Orwell-Homage.mp3) from Shelden's biography.
 
 

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
index 7213556..5a60e44 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
@@ -18,6 +18,6 @@ classes smelled.
 
 The late Frederick Davidson was one of the high priests of recorded book narrators. He narrated Michael Shendlin's _Orwell: The Authorized Biography_ (New York: HarperCollins, 1991) for [audible.com](https://audible.com).
 
-Elsewhere on this site is a one thousand word extract from an essay -- [Looking Back On The Spanish War](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/) -- written by Orwell in 1942; I titled the extract [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]. As an aid in understanding Orwell's visceral involvement in these issues, I make available a [seven minute audio](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Orwell-Homage.mp3) extract from Shendlin's biography.
+Elsewhere on this site is a one thousand word extract from an essay -- [Looking Back On The Spanish War](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/) -- written by Orwell in 1942; I titled the extract [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]. As an aid in understanding Orwell's visceral involvement in these issues, I make available a [seven minute audio extract ](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Orwell-Homage.mp3) from Shendlin's biography.
 
 

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
index 085865f..7213556 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
 When Orwell returned to England after his stint
 in the Spanish war, it became known in political
 circles that he was writing a book (eventually
-_Homage To Catalonia_ about his experiences
+_Homage To Catalonia_) about his experiences
 there. The Communist Party in England put it out that
 Orwell had once written that working class people
 "smell," in a effort to smear and discredit him in

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
index 1e2700d..085865f 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
@@ -18,6 +18,6 @@ classes smelled.
 
 The late Frederick Davidson was one of the high priests of recorded book narrators. He narrated Michael Shendlin's _Orwell: The Authorized Biography_ (New York: HarperCollins, 1991) for [audible.com](https://audible.com).
 
-Elsewhere on this site is a one thousand word extract from an essay -- [Looking Back On The Spanish War](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/) -- by Orwell: [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]. As an aid in understanding Orwell's visceral involvement in these issues, I make available a [seven minute audio](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Orwell-Homage.mp3) extract from Shendlin's biography.
+Elsewhere on this site is a one thousand word extract from an essay -- [Looking Back On The Spanish War](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/) -- written by Orwell in 1942; I titled the extract [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]. As an aid in understanding Orwell's visceral involvement in these issues, I make available a [seven minute audio](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Orwell-Homage.mp3) extract from Shendlin's biography.
 
 

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
index f4704ee..1e2700d 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
@@ -1,5 +1,23 @@
+#### Introduction to Orwell Audio Clip
+
+When Orwell returned to England after his stint
+in the Spanish war, it became known in political
+circles that he was writing a book (eventually
+_Homage To Catalonia_ about his experiences
+there. The Communist Party in England put it out that
+Orwell had once written that working class people
+"smell," in a effort to smear and discredit him in
+advance of the release of his book, which was
+going to be VERY critical of the Communist role in
+Spain. Of course he had never written any such
+thing. He had written that many in the middle class
+are brought up to *believe* the lower
+classes smelled.
+
+---
+
 The late Frederick Davidson was one of the high priests of recorded book narrators. He narrated Michael Shendlin's _Orwell: The Authorized Biography_ (New York: HarperCollins, 1991) for [audible.com](https://audible.com).
 
-Elsewhere on this site is a one thousand word extract from an essay -- [Looking Back On The Spanish War](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/) -- by Orwell on the Spanish war: [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]. As an aid in understanding Orwell's visceral involvement in these issues, I make available a [seven minute audio](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Orwell-Homage.mp3) extract from Shendlin's biography.
+Elsewhere on this site is a one thousand word extract from an essay -- [Looking Back On The Spanish War](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/) -- by Orwell: [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]. As an aid in understanding Orwell's visceral involvement in these issues, I make available a [seven minute audio](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Orwell-Homage.mp3) extract from Shendlin's biography.
+
 
-Please avail yourself of both o these resources.

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f4704ee
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact__44___Opinion__44___and_Prison.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+The late Frederick Davidson was one of the high priests of recorded book narrators. He narrated Michael Shendlin's _Orwell: The Authorized Biography_ (New York: HarperCollins, 1991) for [audible.com](https://audible.com).
+
+Elsewhere on this site is a one thousand word extract from an essay -- [Looking Back On The Spanish War](https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/) -- by Orwell on the Spanish war: [[Orwell On Fact and Reality]]. As an aid in understanding Orwell's visceral involvement in these issues, I make available a [seven minute audio](http://trollboy.ddns.net:8888/documents/Orwell-Homage.mp3) extract from Shendlin's biography.
+
+Please avail yourself of both o these resources.

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
index f516841..d96489b 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
@@ -190,7 +190,7 @@ industrialized state collapsing unless
 conquered from the outside by military
 force?
 
-nb. The text above is ased on that found here::
+nb. The text above is based on that found here::
 
 <https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/>
 

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
index 41fe397..f516841 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
@@ -4,8 +4,6 @@ Orwell wrote this retrospective meditation on the Spanish Civil War in 1942. It
 better-known "Homage To Catalonia," written in 1938 -- that comprise the only in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. (To the best
 of my knowledge these are the only two extended works by him on the war, but I could be wrong.) I have attempted to reproduce the emphases and punctuation as they appear on the Orwell Foundation's website, whose URL is below.
 
-Orwell wrote this retrospective meditation on the Spanish Civil War in 1942. Along with the more well-known _Homage To Catalonia_, written in 1938, it thus comprises in part the only in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. I am not such an accomplished student of Orwell's *oeuvre* that I can make that last claim with any sort of authority. To the best of my knowledge those are the only two extended works by him on the war, but please don't quote me on it. I have attempted to reproduce the emphases and punctuation as they appear on the Orwell Foundation's website, whose URL is below.
-
 *Excerpts from "Looking Back on the Spanish War"
 from A COLLECTION OF ESSAYS by George Orwell.
 Copyright (c)1950 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
index ed0ef33..41fe397 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
 ### Note on this text
 
 Orwell wrote this retrospective meditation on the Spanish Civil War in 1942. It may be one of two pieces -- the other being the
-better-known "Homage To Catalonia," written in 1938 -- that comprise theonly in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. (To the best
+better-known "Homage To Catalonia," written in 1938 -- that comprise the only in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. (To the best
 of my knowledge these are the only two extended works by him on the war, but I could be wrong.) I have attempted to reproduce the emphases and punctuation as they appear on the Orwell Foundation's website, whose URL is below.
 
 Orwell wrote this retrospective meditation on the Spanish Civil War in 1942. Along with the more well-known _Homage To Catalonia_, written in 1938, it thus comprises in part the only in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. I am not such an accomplished student of Orwell's *oeuvre* that I can make that last claim with any sort of authority. To the best of my knowledge those are the only two extended works by him on the war, but please don't quote me on it. I have attempted to reproduce the emphases and punctuation as they appear on the Orwell Foundation's website, whose URL is below.

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
index 2101bf2..ed0ef33 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
@@ -1,4 +1,9 @@
 ### Note on this text
+
+Orwell wrote this retrospective meditation on the Spanish Civil War in 1942. It may be one of two pieces -- the other being the
+better-known "Homage To Catalonia," written in 1938 -- that comprise theonly in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. (To the best
+of my knowledge these are the only two extended works by him on the war, but I could be wrong.) I have attempted to reproduce the emphases and punctuation as they appear on the Orwell Foundation's website, whose URL is below.
+
 Orwell wrote this retrospective meditation on the Spanish Civil War in 1942. Along with the more well-known _Homage To Catalonia_, written in 1938, it thus comprises in part the only in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. I am not such an accomplished student of Orwell's *oeuvre* that I can make that last claim with any sort of authority. To the best of my knowledge those are the only two extended works by him on the war, but please don't quote me on it. I have attempted to reproduce the emphases and punctuation as they appear on the Orwell Foundation's website, whose URL is below.
 
 *Excerpts from "Looking Back on the Spanish War"

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
index 00e1731..2101bf2 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 ### Note on this text
-Orwell wrote this retrospective meditation on the Spanish Civil War in 1942. Along with the more well-known _Homage To Catalonia_, written in 1938, it thus comprises in part the only in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. (I am not such an accomplished student of Orwell's *oeuvre* that I can make that last claim with any sort of authority. To the best of my knowledge those are the only two extended works by him on the war, but please don't quote me on it.)
+Orwell wrote this retrospective meditation on the Spanish Civil War in 1942. Along with the more well-known _Homage To Catalonia_, written in 1938, it thus comprises in part the only in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. I am not such an accomplished student of Orwell's *oeuvre* that I can make that last claim with any sort of authority. To the best of my knowledge those are the only two extended works by him on the war, but please don't quote me on it. I have attempted to reproduce the emphases and punctuation as they appear on the Orwell Foundation's website, whose URL is below.
 
 *Excerpts from "Looking Back on the Spanish War"
 from A COLLECTION OF ESSAYS by George Orwell.
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.*
 
 ### from "Looking Back on the Spanish War"
 
-"The only propaganda line open to the
+The only propaganda line open to the
 Nazis and Fascists was to represent
 themselves as Christian patriots
 saving Spain from a Russian
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ mention only one point, but in fact
 the whole of Fascist propaganda about
 the war was on this level.
 
-"This kind of thing is frightening to
+This kind of thing is frightening to
 me, because it often gives me the
 feeling that the very concept of
 objective truth is fading out of the
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ will be universally accepted. So for
 all practical purposes the lie will
 have become truth.
 
-"I know it is the fashion to say that
+I know it is the fashion to say that
 most of recorded history is lies
 anyway. I am willing to believe that
 history is for the most part
@@ -141,7 +141,7 @@ and after our experiences of the last
 few years that is not a frivolous
 statement.
 
-"But is it perhaps childish or morbid
+But is it perhaps childish or morbid
 to terrify oneself with visions of a
 totalitarian future? Before writing
 off the totalitarian world as a
@@ -185,7 +185,9 @@ evidence is there that it does? And
 what instance is there of a modern
 industrialized state collapsing unless
 conquered from the outside by military
-force?"
+force?
 
-nb. Based on the text found here: <https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/>
+nb. The text above is ased on that found here::
+
+<https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/>
 

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
index 02e679e..00e1731 100644
--- a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
@@ -1,19 +1,31 @@
-The only propaganda line open to the
+### Note on this text
+Orwell wrote this retrospective meditation on the Spanish Civil War in 1942. Along with the more well-known _Homage To Catalonia_, written in 1938, it thus comprises in part the only in-depth explorations of the topic undertaken by Orwell. (I am not such an accomplished student of Orwell's *oeuvre* that I can make that last claim with any sort of authority. To the best of my knowledge those are the only two extended works by him on the war, but please don't quote me on it.)
+
+*Excerpts from "Looking Back on the Spanish War"
+from A COLLECTION OF ESSAYS by George Orwell.
+Copyright (c)1950 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
+Publishing Company, renewed
+1978 by Sonia Brownell. Used by permission of
+Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.*
+
+### from "Looking Back on the Spanish War"
+
+"The only propaganda line open to the
 Nazis and Fascists was to represent
 themselves as Christian patriots
 saving Spain from a Russian
 dictatorship. This involved pretending
 that life in Government Spain was just
-one long massacre (vide the Catholic
-Herald or the Daily Mail â but these
-were childâs play compared with the
+one long massacre (**vide** the **Catholic
+Herald** or the **Daily Mail** -- but these
+were child's play compared with the
 continental Fascist press), and it
 involved immensely exaggerating the
 scale of Russian intervention. Out of
 the huge pyramid of lies which the
 Catholic and reactionary press all
 over the world built up, let me take
-just one point â the presence in Spain
+just one point -- the presence in Spain
 of a Russian army. Devout Franco
 partisans all believed in this;
 estimates of its strength went as high
@@ -39,7 +51,7 @@ mention only one point, but in fact
 the whole of Fascist propaganda about
 the war was on this level.
 
-This kind of thing is frightening to
+"This kind of thing is frightening to
 me, because it often gives me the
 feeling that the very concept of
 objective truth is fading out of the
@@ -61,7 +73,7 @@ then, how is the history of the war to
 be written? What kind of records will
 Franco have left behind him? Suppose
 even that the records kept on the
-Government side are recoverable â even
+Government side are recoverable -- even
 so, how is a true history of the war
 to be written? For, as I have pointed
 out already, the Government also dealt
@@ -77,27 +89,27 @@ will be universally accepted. So for
 all practical purposes the lie will
 have become truth.
 
-I know it is the fashion to say that
+"I know it is the fashion to say that
 most of recorded history is lies
 anyway. I am willing to believe that
 history is for the most part
 inaccurate and biased, but what is
 peculiar to our own age is the
 abandonment of the idea that history
-could be truthfully written. In the
+**could** be truthfully written. In the
 past people deliberately lied, or they
 unconsciously coloured what they
 wrote, or they struggled after the
 truth, well knowing that they must
 make many mistakes; but in each case
-they believed that âthe factsâ existed
+they believed that 'the facts' existed
 and were more or less discoverable.
 And in practice there was always a
 considerable body of fact which would
 have been agreed to by almost
 everyone. If you look up the history
 of the last war in, for instance, the
-Encyclopaedia Britannica, you will
+**Encyclopaedia Britannica**, you will
 find that a respectable amount of the
 material is drawn from German sources.
 A British and a German historian would
@@ -111,40 +123,40 @@ implication that human beings are all
 one species of animal, that
 totalitarianism destroys. Nazi theory
 indeed specifically denies that such a
-thing as âthe truthâ exists. There is,
+thing as 'the truth' exists. There is,
 for instance, no such thing as
-âscienceâ. There is only âGerman
-scienceâ, âJewish scienceâ etc. The
+'science'. There is only 'German
+science, 'Jewish science' etc. The
 implied objective of this line of
 thought is a nightmare world in which
 the Leader, or some ruling clique,
-controls not only the future but the
-past. If the Leader says of such and
-such an event, âIt never happenedâ â
+controls not only the future but **the
+past**. If the Leader says of such and
+such an event, 'It never happened' --
 well, it never happened. If he says
-that two and two are five â well, two
+that two and two are five -- well, two
 and two are five. This prospect
-frightens me much more than bombs â
+frightens me much more than bombs --
 and after our experiences of the last
 few years that is not a frivolous
 statement.
 
-But is it perhaps childish or morbid
+"But is it perhaps childish or morbid
 to terrify oneself with visions of a
 totalitarian future? Before writing
 off the totalitarian world as a
-nightmare that canât come true, just
+nightmare that can't come true, just
 remember that in 1925 the world of
 today would have seemed a nightmare
-that couldnât come true. Against that
+that couldn't come true. Against that
 shifting phantasmagoric world in which
 black may be white tomorrow and
-yesterdayâs weather can be changed by
+yesterday's weather can be changed by
 decree, there are in reality only two
 safeguards. One is that however much
 you deny the truth, the truth goes on
 existing, as it were, behind your
-back, and you consequently canât
+back, and you consequently can't
 violate it in ways that impair
 military efficiency. The other is that
 so long as some parts of the earth
@@ -166,12 +178,14 @@ triumphs in the last chapter, we
 believe half-instinctively that evil
 always defeats itself in the long run.
 Pacifism, for instance, is founded
-largely on this belief. Donât resist
+largely on this belief. Don't resist
 evil, and it will somehow destroy
 itself. But why should it? What
 evidence is there that it does? And
 what instance is there of a modern
 industrialized state collapsing unless
 conquered from the outside by military
-force?
+force?"
+
+nb. Based on the text found here: <https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/looking-back-on-the-spanish-war/>
 

diff --git a/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..02e679e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/Orwell_On_Fact_and_Reality.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,177 @@
+The only propaganda line open to the
+Nazis and Fascists was to represent
+themselves as Christian patriots
+saving Spain from a Russian
+dictatorship. This involved pretending
+that life in Government Spain was just
+one long massacre (vide the Catholic
+Herald or the Daily Mail â but these
+were childâs play compared with the
+continental Fascist press), and it
+involved immensely exaggerating the
+scale of Russian intervention. Out of
+the huge pyramid of lies which the
+Catholic and reactionary press all
+over the world built up, let me take
+just one point â the presence in Spain
+of a Russian army. Devout Franco
+partisans all believed in this;
+estimates of its strength went as high
+as half a million. Now, there was no
+Russian army in Spain. There may have
+been a handful of airmen and other
+technicians, a few hundred at the
+most, but an army there was not. Some
+thousands of foreigners who fought in
+Spain, not to mention millions of
+Spaniards, were witnesses of this.
+Well, their testimony made no
+impression at all upon the Franco
+propagandists, not one of whom had set
+foot in Government Spain.
+Simultaneously these people refused
+utterly to admit the fact of German or
+Italian intervention, at the same time
+as the Germany and Italian press were
+openly boasting about the exploits of
+their âlegionariesâ. I have chosen to
+mention only one point, but in fact
+the whole of Fascist propaganda about
+the war was on this level.
+
+This kind of thing is frightening to
+me, because it often gives me the
+feeling that the very concept of
+objective truth is fading out of the
+world. After all, the chances are that
+those lies, or at any rate similar
+lies, will pass into history. How will
+the history of the Spanish war be
+written? If Franco remains in power
+his nominees will write the history
+books, and (to stick to my chosen
+point) that Russian army which never
+existed will become historical fact,
+and schoolchildren will learn about it
+generations hence. But suppose Fascism
+is finally defeated and some kind of
+democratic government restored in
+Spain in the fairly near future; even
+then, how is the history of the war to
+be written? What kind of records will
+Franco have left behind him? Suppose
+even that the records kept on the
+Government side are recoverable â even
+so, how is a true history of the war
+to be written? For, as I have pointed
+out already, the Government also dealt
+extensively in lies. From the
+anti-Fascist angle one could write a
+broadly truthful history of the war,
+but it would be a partisan history,
+unreliable on every minor point. Yet,
+after all, some kind of history will
+be written, and after those who
+actually remember the war are dead, it
+will be universally accepted. So for
+all practical purposes the lie will
+have become truth.
+
+I know it is the fashion to say that
+most of recorded history is lies
+anyway. I am willing to believe that
+history is for the most part
+inaccurate and biased, but what is
+peculiar to our own age is the
+abandonment of the idea that history
+could be truthfully written. In the
+past people deliberately lied, or they
+unconsciously coloured what they
+wrote, or they struggled after the
+truth, well knowing that they must
+make many mistakes; but in each case
+they believed that âthe factsâ existed
+and were more or less discoverable.
+And in practice there was always a
+considerable body of fact which would
+have been agreed to by almost
+everyone. If you look up the history
+of the last war in, for instance, the
+Encyclopaedia Britannica, you will
+find that a respectable amount of the
+material is drawn from German sources.
+A British and a German historian would
+disagree deeply on many things, even
+on fundamentals, but there would still
+be that body of, as it were, neutral
+fact on which neither would seriously
+challenge the other. It is just this
+common basis of agreement, with its
+implication that human beings are all
+one species of animal, that
+totalitarianism destroys. Nazi theory
+indeed specifically denies that such a
+thing as âthe truthâ exists. There is,
+for instance, no such thing as
+âscienceâ. There is only âGerman
+scienceâ, âJewish scienceâ etc. The
+implied objective of this line of
+thought is a nightmare world in which
+the Leader, or some ruling clique,
+controls not only the future but the
+past. If the Leader says of such and
+such an event, âIt never happenedâ â
+well, it never happened. If he says
+that two and two are five â well, two
+and two are five. This prospect
+frightens me much more than bombs â
+and after our experiences of the last
+few years that is not a frivolous
+statement.
+
+But is it perhaps childish or morbid
+to terrify oneself with visions of a
+totalitarian future? Before writing
+off the totalitarian world as a
+nightmare that canât come true, just
+remember that in 1925 the world of
+today would have seemed a nightmare
+that couldnât come true. Against that
+shifting phantasmagoric world in which
+black may be white tomorrow and
+yesterdayâs weather can be changed by
+decree, there are in reality only two
+safeguards. One is that however much
+you deny the truth, the truth goes on
+existing, as it were, behind your
+back, and you consequently canât
+violate it in ways that impair
+military efficiency. The other is that
+so long as some parts of the earth
+remain unconquered, the liberal
+tradition can be kept alive. Let
+Fascism, or possibly even a
+combination of several Fascisms,
+conquer the whole world, and those two
+conditions no longer exist. We in
+England underrate the danger of this
+kind of thing, because our traditions
+and our past security have given us a
+sentimental belief that it all comes
+right in the end and the thing you
+most fear never really happens.
+Nourished for hundreds of years on a
+literature in which Right invariably
+triumphs in the last chapter, we
+believe half-instinctively that evil
+always defeats itself in the long run.
+Pacifism, for instance, is founded
+largely on this belief. Donât resist
+evil, and it will somehow destroy
+itself. But why should it? What
+evidence is there that it does? And
+what instance is there of a modern
+industrialized state collapsing unless
+conquered from the outside by military
+force?
+

diff --git a/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn b/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
index 4a32c92..25d3653 100644
--- a/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
+++ b/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
 The spiritual malaise afflicting the United States is no different in kind or degree from that which rent the life of Ireland in the struggle between Protestants and Catholics. There is a smug sense of superiority among us, to the effect that "...at least we haven't descended to the level of a religious war." Why? Because here the practice of religion has dwindled almost (but not quite!) to insignificance? Because only a small minority of Americans take their religion seriously? That would be to miss the point TOTALLY. 
 
-From a mental illness point of view, the two phenomena are instances of one singular dynamic. My essay [Mass Insanity](https://duckman.branchable.com/posts/Mass_Insanity/) concludes with the following few paragraphs:
+From a mental illness point of view, both phenomena -- current political strife in the US, and the Catholic/Protestant "troubles" of Ireland -- are instances of one singular dynamic. My essay [Mass Insanity](https://duckman.branchable.com/posts/Mass_Insanity/) concludes with the following few paragraphs:
 
 --snip--
 
@@ -25,5 +25,5 @@ While the study of authoritarian personalities produced much sociological data,
 
 --snip--
 
-I can't think of anything further to say on the point.
+I can't think of anything further to say on this point.
 

diff --git a/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn b/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
index 4fd4267..4a32c92 100644
--- a/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
+++ b/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
@@ -6,7 +6,20 @@ From a mental illness point of view, the two phenomena are instances of one sing
 
 Freud expressed deep interest in social questions throughout his career, and in later life came to focus on those questions almost exclusively, with works such as [The Future of an Illusion](https://www.amazon.com/FUTURE-ILLUSION-Sigmund-Freud-ebook/dp/B004R1Q20A/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=the+future+of+an+illusion&qid=1620588041&s=books&sr=1-1) (1927). Younger psychoanalysts studied the events of the Thirties in Germany and elsewhere, with a focus on the so-called "mass" movements of large groups of people. I want to cite, as my text for this post, remarks by one of them, Otto Fenichel (1897-1946) from his magisterial (and finally in the public domain) [The Psychoanalytic Theory of Neurosis](https://www.amazon.com/s?k=fenichel+the+psychoanalytic+theory+of+neurosis&i=stripbooks&ref=nb_sb_noss) (1945):
 
->When the child is forced through experiences to renounce his >belief in his omnipotence, he considers the adults who have now >become independent objects to be omnipotent, and tries by >introjection to share their omnipotence again. Certain >narcissistic feelings of well-being are characterized by the fact >that they are felt as a reunion with an omnipotent force in the >external world, brought about either by incorporating parts of >this world or by the fantasy of being incorporated by it >("secondary narcissism"). Religious ecstasy, patriotism, and >similar feelings are characterized by the ego's participation in >something unattainably high. Many social phenomena are rooted in >the "omnipotents'" promise to the powerless of the desired passive >participation on condition of their fulfillment of certain rules.
+>When the child is forced through experiences to renounce his 
+>belief in his omnipotence, he considers the adults who have now 
+>become independent objects to be omnipotent, and tries by 
+>introjection to share their omnipotence again. Certain 
+>narcissistic feelings of well-being are characterized by the 
+>fact that they are felt as a reunion with an omnipotent force in 
+>the external world, brought about either by incorporating parts 
+>of this world or by the fantasy of being incorporated by it 
+>("secondary narcissism"). Religious ecstasy, patriotism, and 
+>similar feelings are characterized by the ego's participation in 
+>something unattainably high. Many social phenomena are rooted in 
+>the "omnipotents'" promise to the powerless of the desired 
+>passive participation on condition of their fulfillment of 
+>certain rules.
 
 While the study of authoritarian personalities produced much sociological data, this small snippet of psychoanalytic thought provides more of a sense of what makes such personalities "tick." I submit that the last sentence, above, "Many social phenomena are rooted in the "omnipotents'" promise to the powerless of the desired passive participation on condition of their fulfillment of certain rules." can shed light on, as 1 Peter 4:8 had it, "a multitude of sins." Who could be immune to the offer of that quid pro quo?
 

diff --git a/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn b/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
index c04f20f..4fd4267 100644
--- a/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
+++ b/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
@@ -1,10 +1,10 @@
-The spiritual malaise afflicting the United States is no different in kind or degree from that which rent the life of Ireland in the struggle between Protestants and Catholics. There is a smug sense of superiority among us, to the effect that "...at least we haven't descended to the level of a religious war." Why? Because here the practice of religion has dwindled to insignificance? Because only a small minority of Americans take their religion seriously? That would be to miss the point TOTALLY. 
+The spiritual malaise afflicting the United States is no different in kind or degree from that which rent the life of Ireland in the struggle between Protestants and Catholics. There is a smug sense of superiority among us, to the effect that "...at least we haven't descended to the level of a religious war." Why? Because here the practice of religion has dwindled almost (but not quite!) to insignificance? Because only a small minority of Americans take their religion seriously? That would be to miss the point TOTALLY. 
 
-From a mental illness point of view, the two phenomena are instances of one dynamic. My essay [Mass Insanity](https://duckman.branchable.com/posts/Mass_Insanity/) concludes with the following few paragraphs:
+From a mental illness point of view, the two phenomena are instances of one singular dynamic. My essay [Mass Insanity](https://duckman.branchable.com/posts/Mass_Insanity/) concludes with the following few paragraphs:
 
 --snip--
 
-Freud expressed deep interest in social questions throughout his career, and in later life came to focus on those questions almost exclusively, with works such as The Future of an Illusion (1927). Younger psychoanalysts addressed the events in Germany, and so-called "mass" movements of large groups of people. I want to cite, as my text for this post, remarks by one of them, Otto Fenichel (1897-1946) from his magisterial (and finally in the public domain) [The Psychoanalytic Theory of Neurosis](https://www.amazon.com/s?k=fenichel+the+psychoanalytic+theory+of+neurosis&i=stripbooks&ref=nb_sb_noss) (1945):
+Freud expressed deep interest in social questions throughout his career, and in later life came to focus on those questions almost exclusively, with works such as [The Future of an Illusion](https://www.amazon.com/FUTURE-ILLUSION-Sigmund-Freud-ebook/dp/B004R1Q20A/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=the+future+of+an+illusion&qid=1620588041&s=books&sr=1-1) (1927). Younger psychoanalysts studied the events of the Thirties in Germany and elsewhere, with a focus on the so-called "mass" movements of large groups of people. I want to cite, as my text for this post, remarks by one of them, Otto Fenichel (1897-1946) from his magisterial (and finally in the public domain) [The Psychoanalytic Theory of Neurosis](https://www.amazon.com/s?k=fenichel+the+psychoanalytic+theory+of+neurosis&i=stripbooks&ref=nb_sb_noss) (1945):
 
 >When the child is forced through experiences to renounce his >belief in his omnipotence, he considers the adults who have now >become independent objects to be omnipotent, and tries by >introjection to share their omnipotence again. Certain >narcissistic feelings of well-being are characterized by the fact >that they are felt as a reunion with an omnipotent force in the >external world, brought about either by incorporating parts of >this world or by the fantasy of being incorporated by it >("secondary narcissism"). Religious ecstasy, patriotism, and >similar feelings are characterized by the ego's participation in >something unattainably high. Many social phenomena are rooted in >the "omnipotents'" promise to the powerless of the desired passive >participation on condition of their fulfillment of certain rules.
 

diff --git a/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn b/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c04f20f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/posts/No_different_AT_ALL.mdwn
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+The spiritual malaise afflicting the United States is no different in kind or degree from that which rent the life of Ireland in the struggle between Protestants and Catholics. There is a smug sense of superiority among us, to the effect that "...at least we haven't descended to the level of a religious war." Why? Because here the practice of religion has dwindled to insignificance? Because only a small minority of Americans take their religion seriously? That would be to miss the point TOTALLY. 
+
+From a mental illness point of view, the two phenomena are instances of one dynamic. My essay [Mass Insanity](https://duckman.branchable.com/posts/Mass_Insanity/) concludes with the following few paragraphs:
+
+--snip--
+
+Freud expressed deep interest in social questions throughout his career, and in later life came to focus on those questions almost exclusively, with works such as The Future of an Illusion (1927). Younger psychoanalysts addressed the events in Germany, and so-called "mass" movements of large groups of people. I want to cite, as my text for this post, remarks by one of them, Otto Fenichel (1897-1946) from his magisterial (and finally in the public domain) [The Psychoanalytic Theory of Neurosis](https://www.amazon.com/s?k=fenichel+the+psychoanalytic+theory+of+neurosis&i=stripbooks&ref=nb_sb_noss) (1945):
+
+>When the child is forced through experiences to renounce his >belief in his omnipotence, he considers the adults who have now >become independent objects to be omnipotent, and tries by >introjection to share their omnipotence again. Certain >narcissistic feelings of well-being are characterized by the fact >that they are felt as a reunion with an omnipotent force in the >external world, brought about either by incorporating parts of >this world or by the fantasy of being incorporated by it >("secondary narcissism"). Religious ecstasy, patriotism, and >similar feelings are characterized by the ego's participation in >something unattainably high. Many social phenomena are rooted in >the "omnipotents'" promise to the powerless of the desired passive >participation on condition of their fulfillment of certain rules.
+
+While the study of authoritarian personalities produced much sociological data, this small snippet of psychoanalytic thought provides more of a sense of what makes such personalities "tick." I submit that the last sentence, above, "Many social phenomena are rooted in the "omnipotents'" promise to the powerless of the desired passive participation on condition of their fulfillment of certain rules." can shed light on, as 1 Peter 4:8 had it, "a multitude of sins." Who could be immune to the offer of that quid pro quo?
+
+--snip--
+
+I can't think of anything further to say on the point.
+

diff --git a/posts/simple__44___indefinable__44___unanalysable.mdwn b/posts/simple__44___indefinable__44___unanalysable.mdwn
index 2d2a88c..0016f5e 100644
--- a/posts/simple__44___indefinable__44___unanalysable.mdwn
+++ b/posts/simple__44___indefinable__44___unanalysable.mdwn
@@ -61,7 +61,7 @@ Moore's  writings  any  satisfactory  account  of  the  distinction  between  "n
 of the natural sciences and also of psychology. It may be said to include all that has existed, does exist, or will exist in time. If we consider whether any object is of such a nature that it may be said to exist now, to have existed, or to be about to exist, then we may know that that object is a natural object, and that nothing, of which this is not true, is a natural object. Thus, for instance, of our minds we should say that they did exist yesterday, that they do exist to-day, and probably will exist in a minute or two. We shall say that we had thoughts yesterday, which have ceased to exist now, although their effects may remain: and in so far as those thoughts did exist, they too are natural objects.
 
 There is, indeed, no difficulty about the 'objects' themselves, in the sense in
-which I have just used the term. It is easy to say which of them are natural, and which (if any) are not natural. But when we begin to consider the properties of objects, then I fear the problem is more difficult. Which among the properties of natural objects are natural properties and which are not? For I do not deny that good is a property of certain natural objects: certain of them, I think, are good; and yet I have said that 'good' itself is not a natural property. Well, my test for these too also concerns their existence in time. Can we imagine "good" as existing by itself in time, and not merely as a property of some natural object? For myself, I cannot so imagine it, whereas with the greater number of properties of objects - those which I call the natural properties - their existence does seem to me to be independent of the existence of those objects. They are, in fact, rather parts of which the object is made up than mere predicates which attach to it. If they were all taken away, no object would be left, not even a bare substance: for they are in themselves substantial and give to the object all the substance that it has. But this is not so with good. If indeed good were a feeling, as some would have us believe, then it would exist in time. But that is why to call it so is to commit the naturalistic fallacy. It will always remain pertinent to ask, whether the feeling itself is good; and if so, then good cannot itself be identical with any feeling."[^5]
+which I have just used the term. It is easy to say which of them are natural, and which (if any) are not natural. But when we begin to consider the properties of objects, then I fear the problem is more difficult. Which among the properties of natural objects are natural properties and which are not? For I do not deny that good is a property of certain natural objects: certain of them, I think, are good; and yet I have said that 'good' itself is not a natural property. Well, my test for these too also concerns their existence in time. Can we imagine "good" as existing by itself in time, and not merely as a property of some natural object? For myself, I cannot so imagine it, whereas with the greater number of properties of objects - those which I call the natural properties - their existence does seem to me to be independent of the existence of those objects. They are, in fact, rather parts of which the object is made up than mere predicates which attach to it. If they were all taken away, no object would be left, not even a bare substance: for they are in themselves substantial and give to the object all the substance that it has. But this is not so with good. If indeed good were a feeling, as some would have us believe, then it would exist in time. But that is why to call it so is to commit the naturalistic fallacy. It will always remain pertinent to ask, whether **the feeling itself** is good; and if so, then good cannot itself be identical with any feeling."[^5]
 
 ###B. Broad on Moore
 
@@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ simple characteristic *natural* or *non-natural?*
 
 [^4]:From Moore's An Autobiography, written for and printed in his number in the Library of Living Philosophers, p. 27.
 
-[^5]:G. E. Moore **Principia Ethica** (Cambridge U.P., London 1962) pp. 40-41. Emphases in original.
+[^5]:G. E. Moore **Principia Ethica** (Cambridge U.P., London 1962) pp. 40-41. Emphasis added.